British & English Copper Coin collecting

Charles II Farthings

Charles II Farthings

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Charles ii     Name: King Charles II
Born: May 29, 1630 at St. James Palace
Parents: Charles I and Henrietta Maria
Relation to Elizabeth II: 1st cousin 9 times removed
House of: Stuart
Ascended to the throne: May 29, 1660 aged 30 years
Crowned: April 23, 1661 at Westminster Abbey, and at Scone as King of Scots, 1 January 1651
Married: Catherine of Braganza
Children: Three children who died in infancy, and about 17 illegitimate children by at least 8 different mistresses
Died: February 6, 1685 at Whitehall Palace, London, aged 54 years, 8 months, and 10 days
Buried at: Westminster
Reigned for: 24 years, 8 months, and 9 days
Succeeded by: his brother James II

Charles II was born in St James’s Palace, London. During the Civil War he lived with his father in Oxford 1642–45, and after the victory of Cromwell’s Parliamentary forces he was in exile in France. In April 1660 Charles issued the Declaration of Breda, promising a general amnesty and freedom of conscience. Parliament accepted the Declaration and he was proclaimed King on 8 May 1660. Charles landed at Dover on 26 May 1660, and entered London three days later. He was crowned at Westminster on 23 April 1661. Charles died in 1685, and was received into the Roman Catholic Church on his deathbed. He was succeeded by his brother James II.

The royal Mint was incapable of producing the copper blanks necessary to coin this new coinage so the blanks were imported from Sweden. Swedish copper has less impurities in and turns an attractive pinky orange where as English copper can often will turn black or dark brown.

Charles II copper was the first milled copper coinage to be produced it was different to anything that had previously been minted before. The public demand for small coinage was never greater and attempts to address the problem by minting large amounts of silver maundy pennies just resulted in the public hoarding them. Once the coinage had started in 1672 the public could exchange there worn older coins for new minted farthings and later halfpennies.

Weight and size tolerance are 5.2-6.4 grams & 22-23 mm Rev alignment is down. Any coin out of these tolerances would be considered desirable significantly out of these tolerances would be extremely desirable.

All of the Charles II copper coinage suffers from striking issues and well struck pieces are much sort after and always command a high price. Some Genuinely rare types to collect are CIIF7212  1672  RO over OL   CIIF73  1673 all types  Obverse no stops     CIIF737 1673  BRITINNIA  I for A in Britannia   CIIF742.1674  Last A over B in BRITANNIA    CIIF7510.  1675 Small date Missing last obverse stop   Their`s more but these were particularly difficult to acquire in any grade better than worn flat even those examples were like hens teeth. The Charles II farthing issue is far more thrilling and exciting than the halfpenny issue and is a real challenge even to the most competent of collector and an unbelievable joy to the beginner.


1671 Farthing

CIIF71.   Charles II 1671 Patten only Farthing weighs 6.17 grams & 23 mm in size There a very few patterns is this collection due to rarity and the expense. I made a decision a long time ago to drop pattern collecting so could collect both halfpenny and farthing which i feel are connected by production similarities, metal type, ans to me just plain logically.

Charles II patterns both copper and silver can be found with circulation wear more often than uncirculated. The copper farthings just blended into circulation and the silver farthings were more than likely passed on a sixpences, though completely different in design and provided the weight was correct and the kings image was present all`s well and good.

This farthing came with a nasty corrosion spot which ive dealt with in my own special way as there`s know way im going to put a verdigris coin in my cabinet. And i care not what other peoples criteria is about shall we say re-presenting and coin. Farthing grades nearly very fine with very clear fields other than one ex-corrosion spot.

 

 


 

 

1672 Farthings.  

 

CIIF72.   1672 Normal issue  Farthing weighs 6.06 grams & 22.5 mm in size. 1672 dates are easy to find in low grades but as the grade increases it becomes much harder to acquire problem free examples. Farthing grades reverse bold good very fine / obverse nearly very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF721. 1672 Reverse flan split . Farthing weighs 6.40 grams & 22 mm in size. This happened in production and has almost consumed Britannia in splits. Farthing grades nearly very fine and weighs in at the maximum weight for this series of farthing.

 

 

 

 

CIIF722.  1672 7.0 grams  A heavy farthing indeed and well over the maximum of 6.4 grams as quoted by peck, even the maximum weight doesn`t turn up that often. I have not seen or heard of many heavy Charles II farthings or halfpenny, quite possibly this would result in a loss of profit as the blanks were prepared in Sweden and not here in England. Farthing grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse bold really good fine, there`s no doubt this farthing would have weighed in a little heavier when struck.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF723.  1672 No stops obverse Type A  Notice the defective L in CAROLO also the anomaly in exergue, at first i thought possibly a re-punched Number ?. Ive seen very few 1672 Type A no stops, but only one with this exergue anomaly. Oxford number 340 & BMC number 520 ( Type A ).  Farthing weighs is 6.01 grams & 22.75 mm in size and grades reverse good fair / obverse fine and is extremely rare in higher grades.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF723A. 1672 No stop obverse Type A  Farthing weighs 6.25 grams & 21.5 mm in size. This farthing i an earlier strike as theirs no anomaly in the exergue and more excitingly the L in CAROLVS A Which apparent on the above version has barely begun, in fact it looks like any other minor die anomaly of know real importance. So any missing bar E theories can be popped in the bin.

Farthing has a leathery feel to its surfaces but that’s probably down to the striking other wise a grade of good fine +

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF724. 1672  C over side ways C in CAROLO ?  An over weight farthing at 6.7 grams and must have been heavier when first struck due to the amount of wear. Farthing grades poor /nearly fair, very rare if genuine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF725.  1672   O over L in CAROLO  Obverse & Reverse 1. Extremely rare in higher grades with around 3 examples seen to date, this O over L is a different die error to whats now considered the main type ( dies ) obverse & reverse 2 , ie Cooke 753 & my three examples below CIIF7211 &  CIIF7212. Farthing weighs 6.11 grams & 22 mm in size and grades reverse nearly fair / obverse about fair.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF726. 1672 No stops on obverse  Type B with triple tie bands ?. Very rare coin and extremely rare in higher grades with just  7 examples seen to date. Cooke number 746  BMC 520 (B Type ) Oxford number 341, farthing weighs 5.91 grams & 22 mm in size and grades about a problem free happy fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF727.  1672  A of CAROLVS.A. over B  When the engraver started writing BRITANNIA on the obverse he realized his mistake and corrected his error now obvious, the engraver put an A to cover nearly all of the B and squeezed the C in before the B. A rare coin in any condition and extremely rare in higher grades, ive seen about 11 of these farthings and Colin Cooke`s example is the best to date. Cooke number 576 & Oxford number 344. Farthing grades reverse really good fine + / obverse good fine with weak center strike.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF728.  1672 A of CAROLVS.A. over B   When the engraver started writing BRITANNIA on the obverse he realized his mistake and corrected his error now obvious, the engraver put an A to cover nearly all of the B and squeezed the C in before the B. A rare coin in any condition and extremely rare in higher grades, ive seen about 11 of these farthings and Colin Cooke`s example is the best to date. Cooke number 576 & Oxford number 344. Farthing grades reverse fine  / obverse good fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF729.  1672 A of CAROLVS.A. over B  When the engraver started writing BRITANNIA on the obverse he realized his mistake and corrected his error now obvious, the engraver put an A to cover nearly all of the B and squeezed the C in before the B. A rare coin in any condition and extremely rare in higher grades, ive seen about 11 of these farthings and Colin Cooke`s example is the best to date. Cooke number 576 & Oxford number 344. Farthing grades fair.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7210.  1672 Single Exergue  This is the only example i have seen, i can only assume its extremely rare. Farthing Weighs 5.68 grams & 22.5 mm in size and grades good fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7211.  1672  O in CAROLO over L  Farthing Weighs 4.14 grams & 22 mm in size, extremely rare in higher grades. Farthing grades good fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7211A.  1672 O in CAROLO over L Farthing weighs 5.10 grams & 22.75 mm in size, same as above except a later strike. Farthing grades good fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7211B. 1672 O in CAROLO over L Farthings weighs 5.27 grams & 22.75 mm in size. This example has a much clearer O over L and is probably an earlier strike. Farthing grades good fair.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7211C. 1672 O in CAROLO over L Farthing weighs 5.76 grams & 23 mm in size Clear with a class as the toning does disguise the L. Farthing grades about fine.

 

 

 

 

CIIF7212.  1672  RO over OL  Extremely rare coin in any grade, weight is 6.47 grams &  21.75 mm in size. I have only seen 6  of these RO over OL. Cooke number 755 & oxford number 343, farthing grades fine +.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7213.  1672   RO over OL  Extremely rare coin in any grade, weight is 6.13 grams & 22 mm in size . I have only seen 6 of this RO over OL. Cooke number 755 & oxford number 343, farthing grades Reverse fair + / obverse fair.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7214.  1672 Lose Drapery Wide date  The only year this type made an appearance on currency coins but proofs used this lose drapery reverse.  A scarce coin and very Scarce in a high grade. This example is slightly double struck on obverse portrait ribbons along with the reverse date, also this is obverse A. Farthing grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse Bold really good fine +.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7214A. 1672 lose Drapery triple entered 2 in date Wide date This example is from the above die yet has it 2 triple entered, also the last A in CAROLVS.A. has been re-entered slightly to the left with the original A still visible, also this is obverse A. Farthing grades fine.

 

 

 

 

CIIF7214B.  1672 Lose Drapery Last O of CAROLO over I or L or ? Medium date  Extremely rare farthing which weighs 6.18 grams & 22 mm in size. This example and the Cooke example number 761 are the only two i`ve seen to date, these two examples have obverse B. Farthing grades reverse fine or better / obverse fine with a porous flan.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7214C. 1672 Lose Drapery with larger flan also an extremely small date. Farthing weighs 6.37 grams & is 23.5 mm in size, it also has yet another different obverse, obverse C. Its more than likely the smaller date is the rarest, but what is sure the medium style date is the date that’s normally encountered. Farthing grades practically very fine with a very dark porous flan.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7215. 1672  C over side ways C in CAROLO  Says OAROLO.  Farthing weighs 6.44 grams & 22 mm in size. This is the only example i have seen on this date, i assume there’s more out there somewhere. Possibly the die was tidied up to keep it in service that bit longer. An extremely rare farthing which grades reverse nearly fine / obverse fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7216.  1672  C over side ways C in CAROLVS.A.  Says  OAROLVS.A.  Its just about their though  quite weak. Farthings Weighs 6.66 grams & 22.50 mm in size sadly the C over side ways C very faint. Farthing grades reverse nearly fine / obverse fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7217.  1672  No reverse stop   This is a different type to the Cooke example. Stops in this farthing series  were quite reliable and consistent, and its that reason i feel happy to include this example. Farthing weighs is 5.31 grams & 22.50 mm in size and grades fair, ive only seen around 7 no stops types on this date.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7218.  1672 mis-strike  Farthing weighs 6.00 grams & 23 mm in size, there’s many types of miss strikes some are spectacular, its those which are to desirable by collectors. Farthing grades fair with porosity flan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF729.  1672 Large flan and small date also defective L CAROLVS.A.  It appears to be the same defective L as 1672 Type A no obverse stops. Farthing weighs 5.22 grams & 24mm in size, a well struck coin on a full flan which grades fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7220. 1672 N over A first N in Britannia ?  ( Reverse A wider date ) There is an angled left stick on the first N which is not present on second N, also there’s a very faint traces of a horizontal bar, though weak as it is and only visible in some lights. Farthing weighs 6.33 grams & 22.5mm in size and grades fine.

 

 

 

 

CIIF720A 1672 N over A first N Britannia ? ( Reverse B Smaller narrow date ) There is an angled left stick on the first N which is not present on second N, also there’s a very faint traces of a horizontal bar, though weak as it is and only visible in some lights. The farthings surfaces make it impossible to be certain, the search continues. Farthing grades fine with corroded surfaces.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7221. 1672 L over O in CAROLVS.A. ?  This maybe genuine or slight damage its difficult to tell. Numbers CIIF729 and  CIIF723 do suffer from this defective L punch and on this same year, so i suppose this coin could also be the same. Farthings weight is 6.32 grams & 22mm in size, farthing grades reverse very fine obverse good very fine with surface issues.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7222. 1672 RO over OL in CAROLO An extremely rare coin, its taken me all these years since 1980 to acquire 3 examples of this RO over OL in CAROLO,  Farthing weighs 6.37 grams & 23 mm in size, farthing grades practically fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIFF7222. 1672 Large flan & C in CAROLO twisted. Farthing weighs 4.85 grams & 24.5 mm in size, Large flan farthings are rare and seldom seen on this farthing issue. Farthing grades fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIFF7223. 1672 Three stops in CAROLVS..A. Farthing weighs 5.13 grams & 22.5 mm in size, Certainly the first ive seen and heard of, theirs also an unusual gap in BRI TAN on the reverse. Farthing grades a nicely toned fair or slightly better.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7224. 1672 Heavy flan probably A over B in CAROLVS.A. Farthing weighs 6.81 grams & 23.5 mm in size. A good chunk flan and what looks like a different second type of A over B from the above CIIF727 and Cooke number 576 & Oxford number 344.

An excellent example which grades a problem free nearly very fine with that attractive pinky copper from Sweden.

 

 

 


 

1673 Farthings.   

 

 

 

CIIF73.  1673  No stops obverse with reverse Die A  Extremely rare farthing which i have only seen ( 6 ) of this die type, farthing weighs is 5.17 grams & 22 mm in size & Cooke number 738 & 525 BMC Reverse die A.  I believe this coin to be the most detailed i have ever seen which grades reverse good fine + / obverse nearly very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF731.  1673  Very wide date  Scarce die type farthing weighs 5.57 grams &  22.50 mm in size, and grades a problem free fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF732.  1673  Medium spaced date This type is seen more than the wider date, farthings weight is 5.42 grams & 22 mm in size & grades a problem free nearly very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF733.  1673  A very cracked die  and quite extreme to still be in service,  die fault continues right into the center of Britannia`s lap. Farthings weighs 5.77 grams & 22.50 mm in size, some die flaws can be spectacular and are popular with collectors. Farthing grades fine with a green patch.

 

 

 

 

 

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CIIF734.  1673  A for O in CAROLO  Extremely rare coin and well documented indeed. I have never seen this coin any better than good fine and more than often there normally found worn down flat. Ive seen around 7-8 for sale over the years and Colin Cooke`s example is probably the best one. Cooke number 733 & BMC number 523, farthing grades a problem free fine with the error very clear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF735.  1673  First  A of BRITANNIA over I  First N of BRITANNIA over A  excessively rare farthing which i`ve seen just 7 possibly 8 example to date. Farthing weighs 4.94 grams & 22 mm in size. Cooke number 736 & oxford number 336, the errors are fairly clear along with the grade.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF736.  1673  First  A of BRITANNIA over I First N of BRITANNIA over A  Excessively rare farthing which i`ve seen 7 possibly 8 examples to date, farthing weighs 4.74 grams & 22 mm in size, and is Cooke number 736 & oxford number 336. Sadly the coin is in a poor state of preservation but is still identifiable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF737.  1673  BRITINNIA  I for A in Britannia  Extremely Rare coin and seldom seen for sale, farthing weighs 5.22 grams & 22 mm in size. Ive seen just 6 examples since 1980, Cooke number 734 & BMC number 524. Farthing grades about fine with I for A very clear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF738.  1673  Possibly Fisrt N of BRITANNIA over A?  Needs a clearer example to turn up to be certain , farthing weighs 5.54 grams & 22 mm in size. Farthing grades reverse bold good fine / obverse  fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF739.  1673  C of CAROLO over L  Very rare coin and extremely rare in higher grades, farthing weighs 6.00 grams & 22 mm in size. Ive seen around  7 examples over the years but just one for sale, farthing grades fine with C over L very clear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7310.  1673  No stop after CAROLVS.V ?  Ive never seen another example for sale though certain annual high street catalog does claim the existence of the piece, if genuine of course. Naturally this example is solely the only example i have ever seen, which grades reverse fine / obverse about fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7311.  1673 Mis-strike  Farthing weighs 5.00 grams 22.75 mm in size. There are various types of mis-strikes with some are very desirable with collectors, this example grades reverse good fair / obverse fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7312.  1673 No stops obverse with reverse die B  Farthing weighs 5.40 grams & 22 mm in size. This example has a different reverse to CIIF73 ( reverse A dies ) which is also the same as the Cooke example.

This reverse has wider date and is reverse B dies, but im practically certain the obverse is the same as the Cooke example and CIIF73 taking into consideration letters wearing and serifs blocking from die fill and general wear. This farthing is yet another example of well known coin appearing with different reverse or some cases obverse. An extremely rare coin which grades fine or better.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7313. 1673  No stops obverse reverse die B  Farthing weighs  5.05 grams & 22mm in size. An extremely rare coin which is seldom seen for sale which grades fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7314.  1673 First A of BRITANNIA over I first N of BRITANNIA over A Different Obverse to CIIF735 & CIIF7315  Excessively rare farthing, ive seen just 4 this particular die type : this one, the Cooke example number 736, and lastly at an auction. This farthing weights 5.31 grams & 22mm in size, this example which grades good fair with clear errors is tidier than the Cooke example. Excessively rare and a most desirable farthing indeed..

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7314.  1673 First A of  BRITANNIA over I first N of BRITANNIA over A Different Obverse to CIIF735 & CIIF7315 This farthing weights 5.53 grams & 22mm in size. As above and hopelessly rare, this particular example looks very much like a later strike as the A & N have now smudged in nicely beginning to disguise over punch. Farthing grades just fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7315. 1673   CHARLES II Farthing 1673 First A of BRITANNIA over I first N of BRITANNIA over A  Excessively rare coin with just 6  seen to date. Unless the seller is on the ball its almost certain these coins come up for sale as standard coins, mine were. Its always worth checking regardless where the purchase takes place, an excellent clear example of this error which grades fair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7316. 1673 No stops obverse reverse Die B  An extremely rare farthing and the same as CIIF7312 & CIIF7313, farthing grades really good fair / obverse practically fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7317. 1673 Cracked exergue and datal  numbers. Farthing weighs 5.65 grams & 23 mm in size, the exergue line has cracked along with numbers 6 & 7, 7 now looks like large 7 over small 7. Farthing grades good fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7318.  1673 Last O of CAROLO over sideways O. Farthing weighs 5.11 grams & 22 mm in size.  The 3 in the date has worn and now resembles a 1, rare farthing which grades fair.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7319. 1673 No stops obverse reverse die C.  Farthing weighs 4.82 grams & 22.5mm in size. Their are similarity’s with reverse A, especially the A with its long left foot but the gaps between B & R & I also I & T are to wide, the date how ever does look similar except the 7 & 3 do look that much wider especially the 7.

A third reverse die for this no stops obverse farthing is a most exciting possibility, coupled with the fact tin was being considered as a replacement for copper to increase farthing production profit and the Kings personal wealth.

The tin mines were in Cornwall and under English law the duchy of Cornwall is kings personal income, and still is to this day i believe. The Royal mint work’s may have mixed and matched used reverse dies before ( what was thought ) the end of the copper coinage to save on production cost.

But we know now from history their was one more year 1679 before the switch to tin, which became quickly unpopular with trades men. This very important little coin grades a problem free good fair, an excessively rare and a very important find.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7319. 1673 C over side ways C in CAROLO  Farthing weighs 4.80 grams & 21.75 mm in size. The C is very blundered but visible, farthing grades just fair..

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7320. 1673 No stop Reverse  Farthing weighs 5.28 grams & 21.75 in size. Sadly an attempted piercing, but nether the less an example of a most difficult coin to acquire. Farthing grades good fair with an attempted piercing.

 

 

 

 

CIIF7321. 1673 No reverse stop different to above example. Farthing weighs 5.47 & 22.5. A different example to the above and slightly off centre. Not a bad example with missing stop quite evident, farthing grades a problem free nearly fine.

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

1674 Farthings.

 

 

 

CIIF74.  1674 Normal issue  A compact reverse legend which is quite common for this issue, farthing weighs 5.91 grams & 23 mm in size. Farthing grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse very fine +.

 

 

 

CIIF742.  1674  Last A over B in BRITANNIA  This type of farthing is said to be extremely rare ?, i have five examples and have seen 8 to date which is difficult to understand when using a system of average appearance to correctly pigeon hole copper coins in an order of rarity. Farthing weighs 5.51 grams and 22 mm in size and is Cooke number 722 & Oxford number 331, farthing grades fair with a superb example of this desperately rare error.

 

 

 

 

CIIF742A.  1674  Last A over B in BRITANNIA   This type of farthing is said to be extremely rare ?, i have five examples and have seen 8 which is strange to understand when using a system of average appearance to correctly pigeon hole copper coins in an order of rarity. Farthing weighs 5.34 grams and 22 mm in size and is Cooke number 722 & Oxford number 331, farthing grades fair with a superb example of this desperately rare error.

 

 

 

 

CIIF742B.  1674  Last A over B in BRITANNIA    This type of farthing is said to be extremely rare ?, i have five examples and have seen 8 which is strange to understand when using a system of average appearance to correctly pigeon hole copper coins in an order of rarity. Farthing weighs 5.60 grams and 22 mm in size and is Cooke number 722 & Oxford number 331, farthing grades fair with a superb example of this desperately rare error.

 

 

 

CIIF742C.  1674  Last A over B in BRITANNIA   This type of farthing is said to be extremely rare ?, i have five examples and have seen 8 which is strange to understand when using a system of average appearance to correctly pigeon hole copper coins in an order of rarity. Farthing weighs 5.63 grams and 22 mm in size and is Cooke number 722 & Oxford number 331, farthing grades fair with a superb example of this desperately rare error.

 

 

 

CIIF742D.  1674 Last A in BRITANNIA over B  Farthing weighs 5.60 grams & 22.25 mm in size. Extremely rare  in any grade and the first i have seen for some years now, this farthing is the best example i have seen to date anywhere, problem free with flawless fields and excellent detail given the rarity. Farthing grades bold fine.

 

 

 

 

CIIF743.  1674  C Over side ways C in CAROLVS  Extremely rare farthing with only 6 seen to date, this example is very clear, though the flan has a rough surface. Farthing weighs 5.11 grams & 22.5 mm in size, this example is similar to Cooke number 725 and grades reverse good fair / obverse fine.

 

 

 

 

CIIF744.  1674  C Over side ways C in CAROLVS  Farthing weighs 5.29 grams & 22.75 mm in size and is the same as Cooke 725. This example grades practically fine.

 

 

 

 

CIIF745.  1674  First A of BRITANNIA over I  This type of farthing is said to be excessively rare?, which is strange to understand when using a system of average appearance to correctly pigeon hole copper coins in an order of rarity. Yet i have seven examples, and seen just ten since 1980. Farthing weighs 5.41 grams & 22 mm in size and grades good fair, its also the same as Cooke number 726.

 

 

 

 

CIIF745A.  First A of BRITANNIA over I.  This type of farthing is said to be excessively rare ?, which is strange to understand when using a system of average appearance to correctly pigeon hole copper coins in an order of rarity. Yet i have seven examples, and seen just ten since 1980. Farthing  weighs 5.46 grams & 22.5 mm in size and grades reverse good fair / obverse nearly fine, its also the same as Cooke number 726.

 

 

 

 

CIIF745B.  First A of BRITANNIA over I   This type of farthing is said to be excessively rare ?, which is strange to understand when using a system of average appearance to correctly pigeon hole copper coins in an order of rarity. Yet i have seven examples, and seen just ten since 1980. Farthing weighs 5.34 grams & 22.75 mm in size and grades reverse good fair / obverse fair, its the same as Cooke number 726.

 

 

 

 

CIIF745C.  First A of BRITANNIA over I   This type of farthing is said to be excessively rare ?, which is strange to understand when using a system of average appearance to correctly pigeon hole copper coins in an order of rarity. Yet i have seven examples, and seen just ten since 1980. Farthing weighs 5.72 grams & 22 mm in size and grades good fair, its also the same as Cooke number 726. This farthing grades good fair.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF745D.  First A of BRITANNIA over I  This type of farthing is said to be excessively rare ?, which is strange to understand when using a system of average appearance to correctly pigeon hole copper coins in an order of rarity. Yet i have seven examples, and seen just ten since 1980. Farthing weighs 5.43 grams & 22.50 mm in size and grades good fair, its also the same as Cooke number 726.

 

 

 

 

CIIF745E. 1674 First A of BRITANNIA over I This type of farthing is said to be excessively rare ?, which is strange when using a system of average appearance to correctly pigeon hole copper coins in an order of rarity. Yet i have eight examples, and seen just twelve since 1980. Farthing weighs 5.05 grams & 22.25 mm in size and grades good fair. Its the same as Cooke number 726.

 

 

 

 

CII745F.  1674 First A of BRITANNIA over I This is probably the best example i shall ever be lucky enough own, superior in every way and struck on a full round flan with edge beading, with a beautiful pinky orange tone due to the Swedish copper blanks. Farthing weighs 5.28 grams and is 22.5 mm in size and grades overall about a problem free very fine.

 

 

 

CIIF745G. 1674 First A of BRITANNIA over I Farthing weighs 5.51 grams & and 22.5 mm in size.  Not a bad example at all with that attractive orange/pink toning. Farthing grades a problem free fair.

 

 

 

 

CIIF746.  1674  N for R in CAROLO ?  A striking flaw no doubt most strange indeed, a better example is needed to be 100% sure. This farthing grades fair with numerous problems.

 

 

 

CIIF747.  1674 Double struck CAROLO   Probably clogged or blocked up die legends. Farthing weighs 5.53 grams & 22 mm in size and grades nearly very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF748.  1674 Odd date arrangement  Farthing weighs 5.11 grams & 22.5 mm in size, a very close 1 & 6 and well spaced 7 & 4. No doubt a detecting find which grades good fair.

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF749. 1674 Larger flan of 23.5 mm with an Unbarred A in CAROLVS.A.  Farthing weighs 5.65 grams & 23.5 mm in size, Super strike and superior fields with a small date which has been re-struck leaving a curious 4. Their is die weep at the very top of the A giving the impression of a bar but its far to high and week to be taken seriously.

Unbarred A`s in Charles II farthings are unheard of, and to clarify its an A with a missing bar and not an inverted V, farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse strong good fine with both obverse & reverse completely problem free and well struck.

 

 

 

 

CIIF7410. 1674 Double struck miss strike Farthing weighs 5.22 grams & nearly 23 mm in size. Double struck coin happen always, spectacular examples are very popular with collectors. Farthing grades obverse fine / reverse fine +.

 

 

 

CIIF7411. 1674 Possibly R over O in CAROLO Farthing weighs 5.15 grams & 23 mm in size . I say possibly R over O because i do believe i have seen this die before but an earlier strike, the flaws we`re a lot smaller and those flaws compelled me study the piece but it was some time ago.

Some damage but still presentable, farthing grades good fair

 

 

 

 

CIIF7412. 1674 Very Blundered C in CAROLVS.A possibly triple entered. Farthing weighs 5.85 grams & mm 22.5 in size. Hardly the listing of the year but an insight into the striking and minting process. When a die starts to give up the flat area or blank area cracks or begins to weep, this process nearly always starts around letters or exergue lines or even the bust of portrait of the monarch.

The crack could go straight to the edge of the die or just travel aimlessly pending if theirs an internal fracture in the die caused from forging, this could be oxygen or the cooling process. Not a bad example with the word BRITAN very compact as often on this date of 1674. Farthing grades obverse good fine / reverse nearly very fine.

 

 

 

CIIF7413. 1674 Very small date & almost OAROLVS A Farthing weighs 4.72 grams & 22.5 mm in size. A very small date with the C entered quite clumsily.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


1675 Farthings.

CIIF75.  1675  The letter A struck side ways on Britannias  Sheild  Possibly Unique please see write up. Just this example seen to date, taking into consideration the farthing needs to be in a high grade to identify.

 

Its possible they have passed through the collecting system unnoticed and its essential all Charles II farthings are checked for this letter or other letters. Purchased from Baldwin’s Autumn Argentum 2008, farthing grades reverse good very fine / obverse about very fine.

 

 

CIIF751.  1675  5 over 3  Small Date Type One   These 5 over 3 Charles II farthing are rare coins but in my opinion the smaller date is the rarer of the types i know of.
Farthing weighs 5.36 grams & 23 mm in size and grades good fine, very rare coin and extremely rare in higher grades.
CIIF751A.  1675  5 Over 3  Medium Spaced date Type Two  This example is the first ive seen and must be extremely rare at least. Farthing weighs 5.17 grams & 22 mm in size, and grades fair or
better.
CIIF751B.  1675  5 Over 3 wide spaced date Type Three ? Possibly the last A in BRITANNIA is Re punched with a V ?, the picture do look favorable. A rare farthing which grades fine or better.
CIIF751C. 1675 5 over 3 Smaller date Type four Farthing weighs 5.51 grams & 23.5 mm in size. Quite a speckle affect due to a micro porous flan, there are some lines around the edges which i    believe  were on the flan from the beginning. Farthing grades nearly very fine with a micro porous surface.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF751D.  1675 5 over 3 in date Type five & different to three above types. Farthing weighs 5.41 grams & 22 mm in size. Their must have been a lot of die recycling in 1675 as there’s at lest four 5  over 3 types in existence. Rare farthing which grades about fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 CIIF752.  1675   Double struck reverse   Know doubt the working die was double struck when being prepared for service. Farthing weighs 5.39 grams & 22.75 mm in size and grades fine. Various   double struck coins regularly pop up and their quite popular with collectors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF753.  1675 Higher R in CAROLO over R  Extremely Rare indeed and seldom seen, farthing weighs 5.38 grams & 21.75 mm in size. Cooke number 716 and only two other example seen to date, farthing grades reverse good fair / obverse nearly fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF754.  1675 5 over 5   Very clear example which must be very rare at least with just 2 seen to date, also curious I in Britannia, this die flaw was not present on the other example i saw. Farthing weighs 5.42 grams & 22 mm in size, there`s know doubt many styles of 5 were used which makes 5 over 5 or 5 over 3 slightly tricky identifying sometimes. This example grades fine with the die flaw not necessary present.

 

CIIF755.  1675 B of BRITANNIA over lower B  Farthing weighs 5.67 grams & 22 mm in size, farthing grades reverse almost fine / obverse fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF756.  1675 B of BRITANNIA over lower B  Farthing weighs 5.17 grams & 22.75 mm in size, farthing grades reverse almost fine / obverse fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF757.  1675   small  “N s” and B in BRITANNIA very uncommon indeed. Farthing weighs 5.54 grams & 22 mm in size and grades reverse fine / obverse nearly very fine with weak hair and shoulder line. I brought this example from J welsh in the late 1990`s  along with other coins whose a very knowledgeable man.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF758.  1675 Small date Missing last obverse stop  The Kings portrait is double struck, the A of CAROLVS.A is almost touching the Kings portrait thus possibly no last stop ?. This farthing came from and antique shop in Tenterden, along with a few others and was the last few pieces left of a collection. Farthing grades reverse about fine / obverse fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF759.  1675  Normal Example  Farthing weighs 5.78 grams & 22 mm in size, any high grade Charles II coin is desirable to a collector due to the hassles of the striking.  A rare coin with a faint bar the first A in Britannia, farthing grades reverse extremely fine / obverse nearly extremely fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7510.  1675 ?  Large wide date No stops obverse  Completely different obverse to the known 1672 & 1673 examples, farthing weighs 5.30 grams & 22 mm in size. This is the only example i have seen which grades about fine. If this coin is dated 1675 then its the first i have seen or heard of , if a 4 the results are also the same, if its a 1672 or 73 then its a completely different die. Im sure its a 5 as the date is very large.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7511.  1675 Curious C`s in CAROLVS & CAROLO   Farthing weighs 5.14 grams & 22 mm in size, uncommon at least. Farthing grades nearly fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7512.  1675  No stop reverse  Very rare coin, farthing weighs 5.41 grams & 22.50 mm in size. This is only the 3rd example i`ve seen of this no stop reverse farthing which grades nearly fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7513.  1675 Thin flan  Farthing grades 4.19 grams &  21.5 mm in size & 0.75mm thick, unusually small for this issue. Farthing grades problem free about fair.

 

 

 

CIIF7514. 1675 Possibly A over C in CAROLVS.A. & small date  Certainly needs a better example to be sure, it also could be A over O. Farthing weighs 5.26 grams & 21.75 mm in size and grades about fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7515. 1675 Odd date arrangement  Farthing weighs 5.08 grams & 23 mm in size, in years of collecting ive not seen a date arrangement like this one. Farthing grades nearly extremely fine with heavy surface deposits though most detail is clear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7516. 1675 R over O in CAROLO  Farthing weighs 5.20 grams & 22.5 mm in size. This is the 3rd example i have seen of this R over O in CAROLO, it can only be extremely rare and probably much rarer. Farthing grades overall fine with error very clear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7517. 1675 R over A probably ? or angled R. Farthing weighs 5.75 grams & 22 mm in size,  and grades overall  very fine with the usual gritty center strike on Charles wreath and Britannia lap. Quite possibly an A or at least an angled R re-entered as the angle was to down hill, this farthing has seen very little circulation as the fields are nearly flawless with all the outwards stress marks still very much visible.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7518. 1675 0 over R in CAROLVS.A. small condense date Type 2 Farthing weighs 5.55 grams & 21 mm in size. To date theirs two known type`s, this being the second. Very rare and extremely rare in higher grades, this coin is type 2 and Cooke 711. Overall grade is around fine with some surface issues.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CIIF7519. 1675 Halfpenny size 5 in date. Farthing weighs 5.45 grams & 21.75 mm in size. Halfpenny numbers were never that big nor were the the letters come to think of it, im surprised this isn’t  more wide spread over all dates applicable. Farthing grades good fair plus with good metal and probably quite rare.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

1679 Farthings.  

 

 

CIIF79.  1679/6   Large 9 in date or 9 over 6  This date is by far the scarcest date of this series, this farthing has a die flaw, the ROC of CAROLO are joined.  I have only seen one example with this flaw which i do understand is not big deal but the 9 in the date is, and the flaw may help identify this die.

Its very possible the 9`s large due to the 9 being entered up side down as a six then re-entered as a 9 thus making it appear larger ?, by using the 6 in the date ( 1679 ) its possible to over lay them and then it starts to make sense. Please click above and read the foot note and view the pictures  ( No 541 and Garside ) as the implications of an inverted six in the date has a strong possibility. Farthing weighs 5.71 grams & 22 mm in size. This farthing grades a problem free good fine and maybe a little stronger in places.

 

 

 

CIIF79A. 1679/6 Large 9 in date or 9 over 6  As above example but from a earlier younger die strike as the flaws ( ROC ) in CAROLO are not yet present. Farthing Weighs 5.26 grams & 21.75 mm in size a grades fine. A very good argument for an inverted 9 or 6, after viewing please click above for text regarding both of these examples.

 

 

 

CIIF791.  1679  No stop Reverse  Very curious R in CAROLOV.S A , I do believe its R over a B, for if it were a William III farthing we would all probably say yes with out hesitation. Farthing weighs 5.41 grams & 22.50 mm in size, and rarely turns up with just 11 seen of both 1679 no reverse stop types. Cooke Number 701 & BMC number 531 and different die to CIIF793 below.

 

 

 

CIIF792.  1679  double struck in legends  Farthing weighs 5.44 grams & 22.50 mm in size, farthing grades fine or better.

 

 

 

CIIF793.  1679 No stop Reverse   Different dies to Cooke 701 and oxford 324 & 325, farthing weighs 5.12 grams & 22mm in size, 1679 no stops is a very rare coin which i have seen around  11 examples regardless of die type. Farthing grades almost fine and is more than likely the only one of this type i shall ever see..

 

 

 

CIIF794. 1679 defective L in CAROLVS.A.   Notice the defective L in CAROLVS which almost looks like an E with out the horizontal center stick. Possibly a defective punch was used, defective L`s  in CAROLVS also exists on these other coins on this website  CIIF723, &  CIIF729 both dated 1672.

No doubt a detector find but certainly an interesting topic. farthing weighs 5.51 grams & 23 mm in size and grades reverse about fair obverse grades fine.

 

 

 

CIIF795. 1679 large narrow date. A a super example of a weak centre strike. Farthing weighs 5.98 grams & 21.75 mm in size. A wonderful example of this larger narrow date with that gritty flat un-struck area, especially centre obverse. Farthing grades a problem free reverse really good very fine + / obverse very fine + with some attractive mint sheen in farthings field.

 

CHARLES II

Name: King Charles II
Born: May 29, 1630 at St. James Palace
Parents: Charles I and Henrietta Maria
Relation to Elizabeth II: 1st cousin 9 times removed
House of: Stuart
Ascended to the throne: May 29, 1660 aged 30 years
Crowned: April 23, 1661 at Westminster Abbey, and at Scone as King of Scots, 1 January 1651
Married: Catherine of Braganza
Children: Three children who died in infancy, and about 17 illegitimate children by at least 8 different mistresses
Died: February 6, 1685 at Whitehall Palace, London, aged 54 years, 8 months, and 10 days
Buried at: Westminster
Reigned for: 24 years, 8 months, and 9 days
Succeeded by: his brother James II

Charles II was born in St James's Palace, London. During the Civil War he lived with his father in Oxford 1642–45, and after the victory of Cromwell's Parliamentary forces he was in exile in France. . The death of Cromwell and the collapse of the English Commonwealth lead to opening of negotiations in 1659 by George Monk for the restoration of the monarchy. Charles died in Febuary 1685 and almost reiged for 25 years Charles II was received into the Roman Catholic Church on his deathbed. He was succeeded by his brother James II

1672 Farthings