British & English Copper Coin collecting

George I Farthings

George I Farthings

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George iKing George I 1714 – 1727

Name: King George I
Full Name: George Louis
Born: May 28, 1660 at Osnabruck, Hanover
Parents: Ernst August, Duke of Brunswick and Elector of Hanover, and Sophia Stuart
Relation to Elizabeth II: 6th great-grandfather
House of: Hanover
Ascended to the throne: August 1, 1714 aged 54 years
Crowned: October 20, 1714 at Westminster Abbey
Married: Sophia Dorothea of Celle
Children: One son, one daughter, three illegitimate children
Died: June 11, 1727 at Osnabruck, aged 67 years, and 12 days
Buried at: Leineschlosskirche, Hanover
Reigned for: 12 years, 10 months, and 9 days
Succeeded by: his son George II

He was the son of the first elector of Hanover, Ernest Augustus (1629–1698), and his wife Sophia who was a granddaughter of James I of England. He was heir through his father to the hereditary lay bishopric of Osnabrück and the duchy of Calenberg, which was one part of the Hanoverian possessions of the house of Brunswick. He acquired the other part by his marriage in 1682 to his cousin Sophia Dorothea of Celle. They had two children George (who later became George II) and Sophia (who married Frederick William of Prussia in 1706 and was the mother of Frederick the Great).

George I farthings are wonderful series to collect and the skill of John Croker engraving is superb. Once again this coin series does suffer from striking issues and often the kings wreath and Britannia are seldom struck fully, but good fully struck examples do turn up from time to time and command a high price at auction its mainly silver and arguably copper proofs which seem to be immune to these striking flaws.

A few genuinely rare examples to look out for are GIF17. 1717  Smaller Dumper issue,  &  GIF193. 1719 Last A over I in BRITANNIA  also  GIF195. 1719 Legend continues over head  &   GIF222. 1722 Large letters and lastly GIF231. 1723 R over side ways R in REX, . There are always more but these are difficult to find in collectible grades.

Weight and size tolerance are 4.5-5.3 grams & 22-23 mm Rev alignment is down normal issue,  dump issue is same weight but size is 20 mm – 21 mm alignment is down. Any coin out of these tolerances would be considered desirable, significantly out of these tolerances would be extremely desirable.

 

GEORGE I FARTHINGS


 

 

1717 Farthing.

 

 

GIFA17. 1717 Small Dump issue Reverse with first A over N in Britannia. Farthing weighs  4.84 grams & mm 21 in size.  This type A has the first A over an N in Britannia, the N is quite visible on this example though on later strikes its easily missed. Farthing grades obverse good fine  / reverse fine Cooke 457 & BMC 783.

 

 

 

 

GIFB17. 1717 Smaller Dumper issue Reverse B  Reverse B type no first A over N.  Farthing weighs 4.6 grams & 20 mm in size and the smallest milled farthing produced. Rare and very rare in higher grades, Cooke number 458 & BMC number 783. These farthings seem usually turn up in a worn state and are extremely popular with collectors.  Farthing grades good fine.

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

1719 Farthings. 

 

 

GIF19.  1719 Large letters Small 9 in date  Scarce coin, farthing weighs 4.9 grams & 23mm in size. Large letters in the legend turns up more than small letters, 1719 is by far the commonest year of this series this farthing grades nearly very fine.

 

 

 

GIF191. 1719 Last A over I in BRITANNIA G over Displace G in GEORGIVS  Obverse one of four with small letters in legends. Farthing weighs 4.69 grams & 22mm in size, error very clear and extremely rare in high grades. These farthing don’t really turn up that often so any variation of reverse doesn’t matter only good A over I definition. Cooke number 451  & BMC number 812 farthing grades reverse fine / obverse good fine.

 

 

GIF191A. 1719 Last A over I in BRITANNIA G over Displaced G in GEORGIVS Farthing weighs 4.46 grams & 22.75 mm in size Good A over I definition and the same obverse one as above. Farthing grades a problem free fine with good metal surface`s.

 

 

 

GIF192.  1719 Last A over I in BRITANNIA  Obverse two of four, farthing weighs 4.32 grams & 22.5 mm in size. I believe ive seen around 15 of these coins, they really don’t turn up that often. Cooke number 451 & BMC number 812. Extremely rare in high grades, farthing grades obverse good fair / reverse nearly fine.

 

 

 

GIF193. 1719 Last A over I in BRITANNIA R over R in GEORGIVS  Obverse 3 of four 4.05 grams 23 mm seems to have a thinner flan mainly due to the flan size. Extremely rare coin in high grades ( 15 ) seen. Cooke number 451 & BMC number 812 farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse nearly very fine.

 

 

 

GIF194. 1719 Last A in BRITANNIA over I R over R in GEORGIVS  Obverse 3 of four  Farthing weighs 4.82 grams & 23 mm in size. Cooke number 454 &  BMC number 815, extremely rare in higher grades. Farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse bold really good fine.

 

 

 

GIF195. 1719 Last A in BRITANNIA over I G over G in GEORGIVS V over 50% displaced V  Obverse 4 of four Farthing weighs 4.85 22.5 mm in size. Cook Number 454 & British museum number 815, im amazed four different reverse dies were used, this is something ive never encountered before anywhere. This example ( obverse 4 ) is the same as the Cooke example 454, all the other obverses are different in one way or another. Farthing grades a problem free fine.

 

 

 

GIF196. 1719 Small 9 date and small letters  Farthing weighs 4.7 grams & 22mm in size , small 9`s in the date are scarce and rare in higher grades. Farthing grades very fine or better both sides suffering from a weak center strike.

 

 

 

GIF197.  1719 Small letters GEORGIVS  Farthing weighs 5.0 grams &  22m min size, G & O letters re-struck our of alignment. Farthing grades reverse really good fine or better / obverse nearly very fine.

 

 

 

GIF198. 1719 Large letters REX very bunched together  Farthing weighs 4.99 grams & 23 mm in size. Farthing grades nearly very fine weak center strike.

 

 

 

GIF199. 1719 no stops obverse large letters  Farthing weighs 4.76 grams & 23 mm in size, very rare coin with only 7 or 8 seen . Cooke number 448 & BMC number 810, farthing grades fine.

 

 

GIF199A. 1719 No stops obverse large letters Farthing weighs 4.35 grams & 23 mm in size, very rare coin with only 7 or 8 seen . Cooke number 448 & BMC number 810, farthing grades fine.

 

 

GIF1910. 1719 Large Date large letters bunched up REX   Farthing weighs 4.7 grams & 22.5 in size. Farthing grades fine.

 

 

 

GIF1911.  1719 No stop reverse Large letters  Farthing weighs 3.9 grams all most 24 mm. I have never seen better than good fine, very rare coin. BMC number 811 & Cooke number 449, i have seen very few of these coins which are seldom seen for sale. Farthings grades reverse fair / obverse poor.

 

 

 

GIF1912.  1719 No stop Reverse small letters  Farthing weighs 4.5 grams & 23mm in size. Very rare coin probably extremely rare with very few seen. Cooke number 453 & BMC number 814. Farthing grades nearly fine.

 

 

GIF1912A. 1719 No Stop Reverse Small Letters Farthing weighs 4.97 grams & 22.5 mm in size Very rare with small letters as larger are encountered more than small letters. Cooke number 453 & BMC number 814.

The obverse has been guided at some point and there also a clumsily entered G in GEORGIVS. Farthing grades a strong bold fine.

 

 

 

GIF1913.  1719 no inner wire circle reverse  Farthing weighs 4.51 grams & 22.5 mm in size, BMC number 812 & Cooke number 452. Certainly the result of die wear but its rare to see, most collectors will try to acquire the best example possible. This example is probably the fifth or sixth i have seen in quite some years a nice find which grade grades fine.

 

 

GIF1913A. 1719 no inner wire circle reverse Farthing weighs 4.60 grams & 22.75 mm in size, BMC number 812 & Cooke number 452. A result of die wear and a different reverse than above example, this farthing grades fair with obverse slightly better.

 

 

GIF1913B. 1719 almost no inner wire circle reverse. Farthing weighs 4.97 grams & 22.75 mm in size. It does at first look as if there’s no wire at all but on close examination a faint line is visible at 10 & 3 o`clock. The date is very small on this farthing and with its black tone its very pleasing to the eye.

Farthing grades obverse very fine / reverse nearly very fine.

 

 

GIF1914. 1719 Legend continues over head Last A of BRITANNIA Unbarred  Farthing weighs 4.6 grams & 23mm in size, very rare farthing and extremely rare in higher grades. Cooke number 454 &  BMC number 815. Ive seen about 15 or 20 of these coins but only one with an unbarred last A. Farthing grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse about very fine.

 

 

 

GIF1915. 1719 Legend continues over head  Farthing weighs 4.6 grams 23mm in size, very rare coin and Extremely rare in higher grades.  Cooke number 454 number & BMC number 815 ive seen about 15 or 20 of these coins. Farthing grades reverse bold fine / obverse bold really good fine.

 

 

 

GIF1916. 1719 No stop reverse large letters Farthing weighs 4.74 grams & 22.75 mm in size, BMC number 811 & Cooke number 449. Very rare coin and seldom seen for sale, farthing grades a problem free fair.

 

 

 

GIF1917. 1719 No stop reverse small letters  Farthing weighs 4.42 grams & almost 23 mm in size, Cooke number 453 & BMC number 814. Extremely rare in high grades and seldom seen for sale, farthing grades fine with two hay flecks on reverse.

 

 

 

GIF1918. 1719 Possibly T over inverted T  Farthing weighs 4.61 grams & 22.5 mm in size, there’s much evidence to suggest this is genuine but to absolutely sure it would need an example struck at the beginning of the production run to be totally 100%. Notice how the 9 in the date is very much to the left which is quite unusual for this farthing issue. Farthing grades bold good fine.

 

 

 

GIF1919.  1719 B over D DRITANNIA with two reverse stops. Farthing weighs 4.49 grams & 22 mm in size. The extra stop is clearly a punch miss when the reverse was touch up to keep the die in service that bit longer. As for the D, with a strong glass its clear its B over D also the inner wire ring has almost disappeared along with a very small date. Farthing grades reverse good fair / obverse nearly fine.

 

GIF1920.  1719 off center strike & larger flan. Farthing weighs 4.29 grams & almost 24 mm in size, farthing grades a problem free fine.

 

 

GIF1921. 1719 A over First N in BRITANNIA Large letters  Farthing weighs 4.68 grams & 22 mm in size. Excessively rare and probably second to the 1720 milled edge farthing, this of course in my own opinion. This mistake is the same as the 1717 dump farthing another case of dim lighting and poor eye sight.

Farthing grades fine or better in some places.

 

 


 

 

1720 Farthings. 

 

 

 

GIF20. 1720 Large 2 in date  Farthing weighs 4.7 grams & 23mm in size.  Scarce with a large 2, farthing grades reverse very fine / nearly very fine.

 

 

 

GIF201. 1720 Large letters  B of BRITANNIA over Angled B   Inner circle nearly worn away, farthing weighs 4.47 grams & 22.5mm in size. A rare coin with larger letters and much rarer than smaller letters, very under estimated coin. Ive have seen around 18-25 examples of angled B in Britannia, farthing grades fine.

 

 

 

GIF201A.  1720 Large letters  B of BRITANNIA over Angled B  Farthing weighs 4.6 grams & 22.75mm in size. This coin has a different date arrangement than above coin, the angled B is clearer and quite possibly one of the best examples i have seen. Farthing grades fine or better.

 

 

 

GIF201B. 1720 Large letters  B of BRITANNIA over Angled B  Farthing weighs 4.6 grams & 22.75mm in size, this date arrangement is the same as the above coin. Farthing grades fine with error quite clear.

 

 

 

GIF201C. 1720 Large letters B of BRITANNIA over Angled B the best of ive seen. Farthing weighs 4.69 grams & 22.5 mm in size, wonderful clear example of this B over angled B. Farthing grades good fine with an interesting tone.

 

 

 

GIF202. 1720 Large letters Not Angled B 2nd Different dies  Farthing weighs 4.47 grams & 22.5mm in size. Cooke number 439, farthing grades fine with obverse a little stronger.

 

 

 

GIF2002. 1720 Large letters 3rd different dies. Farthing weighs 4.97 grams & 23 mm in size. Quite possibly the rarer of the Large letters on this 1720 date, good metal surfaces with a overall grade of fine.

 

 

GIF203. Normal Small letters  Farthing weighs 4.90 grams & 23mm in size. 1720 farthings turn up often but as with all early milled coins the price increases heavily with grade. Reverse very fine / obverse good very fine.

 

 

 

GIF204. 1720 V in GEORGIVS displaced 20% to the left  Farthing weighs 4.9 grams & 22.5mm in size , certainly a scarce obverse die with a round 10-12 seen seen. grades fine with obverse slightly bolder.

 

 

 

GIF205. 1720 V in GEORGIVS displaced 20% to the left  Farthing weighs 4.6 grams & 22.mm in size, certainly a scarce obverse die with a round 10-12 seen. Farthing grades fine, problem free with clear fields.

 

 

 

GIF206. 1720 Struck from a worn die  Farthing grades 4.28 grams & 23mm in size. Very difficult to see through the glaggy surface of this coin which has had minimal circulation. Farthing grades nearly extremely fine.

 

 

 

GIF207. 1720 Normal but George has a long pointy nose ( Pinocchio )  Farthing weighs 4.38 grams & 22mm in size. Farthing grades good fine with clear fields.

 

 

 


 

 

1721 Farthings. 

 

 

 

GIF21. 1721 Stop before wreath large B in BRITANNIA  Cooke number 435, farthing weighs 4.35 grams & 22mm in size and very rare. I have seen around 15 examples of this stop before wreath type, high grade examples are very rare. Farthing grades obverse nearly very fine / reverse good fine.

 

 

 

GIF211.  1721 1 over 0 in date with extra tie band ?  Does turn up but often worn, probably quit rare in higher grades, Cooke number 433 BMC number 821. Farthing weighs 4.2 grams & 22 mm in size. The halfpenny 1 over 0 turns up more ( quite a few variants ) often than the farthing equivalent, farthing grades fine.

 

 

 

GIF211A. 1721 1 over 0 B over R in BRITANNIA with out extra tie band Cooke number 433 BMC number 821. Farthing weighs 3.58 grams & 22 mm in size.

Im astounded this has never been mention before, this is the same reverse & obverse die as GIF211, but an earlier strike. This obverse does not yet have the extra tie band which is seen on later die examples, and why the B over R is easier to identify.

A clear and important little coin which grades reverse fine / obverse nearly very fine, with porous fields.

 

 

 

GIF212.  1721 1 over 0 in date as above but different obverse with V over displaced V in GEORGIVS   Rare at least, im unsure to how many ive seen or even noticed come to that. Farthing grades about fine from a die that’s on its last legs.

 

 

GIF212A. 1721 1 over 0 R over B in BRITANNIA and V over displaced V Farthing weighs 4,31 grams & 22.5 mm in size. This example is the same as the above along with all the obverse die cracks. Farthing grades bold good fair with good metal and very clear over punches.

 

 

 

GIF213. 1721 Large B in BRITANNIA  Farthing weighs 5.0 grams & 23 mm in size, farthing grades reverse practically very fine / obverse very fine.

 

 

 

GIF214. 1721 stop after wreath ( normal ) V over V in GEORGIVS 50% displaced to the left   Farthing grades fine or better and i assume its rare.

 

 

 

GIF215. 1721 Stop after date  Reverse A Farthing weighs 5.48 grams & 22.25 mm in size. A rare coin and very rare in higher grades Cooke number 432  BMC number 823. This farthing does appear mostly in  a worn state and does prove very difficult to acquire in a decent grade. Farthing grades good fine and is well documented and desirable with collectors, this particular example does suffer from a weak strike.

 

 

 

GIF215A. 1721 stop after date. Reverse A Farthing weighs 5.21 grams & 22.25 mm in size Cooke number 432 BMC number 823.  As above completely even down to exactly the same stage & size die flaws along with the same weight and size. Its even more than likely they were cut from the same sheet of metal.

Farthing grades very fine with reverse a little stronger as often with this series of farthing the weak strike does plague it with this example showing those gritty areas in the usual places.

 

 

GIF215B. 1721 stop after date Reverse B Farthing weighs 3.84 grams & 22.55 mm in size A different reverse to the above examples which proves there was more than one die in service. Due to the rarity of these farthings it makes sense to say that the working die had the stop added to it for if the servant which is made from the master die  (excluding legends and date ) there would be a lot more examples around.

Hypothetically speaking dies can sometimes have a short working life, this we know ! how many die flaws are in this collection? many my point being dies can crack so badly they see but a short life. And that’s really how coins become rare at the minting process at least, an accidental short run of farthings now enter circulation and now down to endless variables some may just survive.

Farthing grades just fair and quite thin.

 

 

GIF216. 1721 Triple entered V in GEORGIVS very rare  Farthing weighs 4.35 grams & 22 mm in size, this is the third example i have seen. Farthings grades fine.

 

 

 

GIF217. 1721 V over V in GEORGIVS 75% to the right  Farthing weighs 3.87 grams & 23 mm in size, quite a thin flan and a smidge under weight. Just 3 example seen to date, farthing grades reverse fine / obverse nearly fine.

 

 

 

GIF218. 1721 Large B in BRITANNIA  Farthing weighs 5.32 grams & 22.5 mm in size.seen ( many ) grades nearly extremely fine with weak center strike.

 

 

 

GIF219. 1721 stop after wreath ( normal ) V over V in GEORGIVS 75% to the right  Farthing weighs 4.60 grams & 22.75 mm in size, just 3 example seen to date. Farthing grades very fine with a weak center strike, also the flans suffering from porosity.

 

 

 

GIF2110. 1721 Triple entered V in GEORGIVS Farthing weighs 4.46 grams & 22.5 mm in size, certainly a later striking than GIF216 due to the weakness in the triple V and the only just developed die flaw below/in front of Britannia hand. The obverse is also strange with the G in GEORGIVS being re-struck in a very clumsy fashion and only half stuck, in context with the V maybe. Farthing grades reverse very fine / obverse nearly very fine with weakness in all the usual areas.

 

 

 

GIF2111. 1721 Stop after date on a small dump size flan  Farthing weighs 3.49 grams & 19.5 mm in size. The edges on this farthing show no signs of filing or chamfering but just general circulation. All in all it does look genuine, perhaps there were some smaller flans laying around at the mint which needed using. Farthing grades a problem free good fine.

 

 

 


 

 

1722 Farthings.  This is the scarcest year of this George I farthing issue, small letters being normal and large letters being in my opinion really quite tricky to find especially in the higher grades.

 

 

 

GIF22. 1722 Large B in BRITANNIA  2 over 1 small letters  Farthing weighs 4.80 grams & 22.5 mm in size. Cooke number 428 and a very rare coin which is seldom seen. Farthing grades reverse fine / obverse good fine.

 

 

 

GIF22A. 1722 Large B in BRITANNIA 2 over 1 small letters different obverse to above listing. Farthing weighs 4.53 & 22.5 mm in size. Reverse is the same as Cooke number 428 though this example has a different obverse with massive striking flaws.

Farthing grades overall fine though under close examination its seen little circulation the die flaws on both sides have destroyed most of the detail.

 

 

 

GIF221. 1722 Large B in BRITANNIA 2 over 1 small letters with Different dies from above examples. Farthing  weighs 4.22 grams & 22 mm in size. Just fair in condition but a clear over date and a nice little find.

 

 

GIF222. 1722 Normal B in BRITANNIA Small letters large stops obverse  Farthing weighs 4.5 grams & 22.5 mm in size. A scarce date with less standard examples seen of any other dates. Farthing grades reverse fine /  obverse good fine.

 

 

 

GIF223. 1722 Large letters  Rare coin to find even harder in top grades, a very under estimated coin to find and much rarer than the 1720 small letters. Farthing weighs 4.0 grams & 22.5mm in size, Cooke number 429 & BMC number 824, Just 20 or so examples seen to date. Farthing grades fine with REX very bunched up.

 

 

 

GIF224. 1722 B over R R over B possibly inverted B in BRITANNIA Farthing weighs 4.57 & 23 mm in size. Quite a find especially on this date and certainly the first i have seen. Know doubt extremely rare probably rarer as its on this scarcer date. Farthing grades a problem free obverse fine + / reverse fine with a orange tan tone.

 

 

 


 

 

1723 Farthings. 

 

 

GIF23.  1723  E in GEORGIVS over lower E  Farthing weighs 5.2 grams & 23mm in size, ive seen just 5 examples With a lower E. Farthing grades reverse almost very fine / obverse very fine.

 

 

 

GIF231. 1723 George I Farthing R over side ways R in REX  E of REX over displaced E  Extremely rare coin but the E over displaced E is not always present. Cooke number 426 BMC number 827. Farthing weighs 4.5 grams & 22.5mm in size. Ive seen around 11-15 examples most were worn with the R looking quite boxed like and square. Farthing grades good fine with error very clear.

 

 

 

CIF231A. 1723 George I Farthing R over side way R in REX E of REX over displaced E. Cooke number 426 BMC number 827. Farthing weighs 4.46 grams & 23 mm in size. Ive seen around 11-15 examples most were worn with the R looking quite boxed like and square. Farthing grades nearly very fine with error clear enough.

 

 

 

GIF232.  1723 George I Farthing R over side ways R  A very well documented coin for some years now and always very popular with collectors. This example has no die flaw in left hand side of obverse field but does have the E over very slightly twisted E just like Colin Cooke`s example.  Cooke number 426 BMC number 827, this example is completely problem free and grades good fine +.

 

 

 

GIF23?  Miss-strike undated detector find  3.76 grams 22mm grades poor.

 

 

 


 

 

1724 Farthings.  

 

 

GIF24.  1724 Condense letters on obverse  Farthing weighs 4.69 grams & 22.5 mm in size. Ive seen many of this date and its probably second in scarcest year, 1722 being the scarcest year. Farthing grades really good bold fine.

 

 

 

GIF241.  1724 Halfpenny on farthing flan  flan looks genuine, farthing weighs 5.1 grams & 20.5 mm in size. I assume rare but i did see that Ingram’s coins had one similar for sale, farthing grades good fair.

 

 

 

GIF242.  1724 R over B in BRITANNIA ? Farthing weighs 4.57 grams & 22.5 mm in size, this is the only example i have seen or at least noticed. An extremely rare coin if genuine, farthing grades good fine.

 

 

 

GIF243.  1724 V over N in GEORGIVS ?  Farthing weighs 4.22 grams & 21.75mm in size. This is the only example ive seen which is probably a die flaw. Farthing grades good fair with a minor flan kink.

 

 

 

GIF244.  1724 E & V over E & V in GEORGIVS. Farthing weighs 4.37 grams & 22 mm in size. The reverse letters are quite crammed in under Britannia’s spray of leaves, the E is tricky to as the lower part has worn away or been obliterated. Farthing grades a problem free good fair.

 

 

GIF245.  1724 Smaller flan with die clash Farthing weighs 3.55 grams & 21 mm in size. There is evidence of old filing though not completely everywhere, die clashing is obvious though on careful examination not only have both raised areas been subject to die clashing the obverse shows it was struck by the reverse when blank causing an incurse silhouette of Britannia.

Certainly an interesting piece at that, farthing grades fine and with a knowing of the above, problem free in an odd sort of way.