British & English Copper Coin collecting

George III Farthings

George III Farthings

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George iiiName: King George III
Full Name: George William Frederick
Born: June 4, 1738 at Norfolk House, St. James Square, London
Parents: Frederick Prince of Wales, and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Relation to Elizabeth II: 3rd great-grandfather
House of: Hanover
Ascended to the throne: October 25, 1760 aged 22 years
Crowned: September 22, 1761 at Westminster Abbey
Married: Charlotte, daughter of Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Children: Ten sons including George IV and William IV, and six daughters
Died: January 29, 1820 at Windsor Castle, aged 81 years, 7 months, and 24 days
Buried at: Windsor
Reigned for: 59 years, 3 months, and 2 days
Succeeded by: his son George IV

George III, unlike his father and grandfather, was born in England. He became heir to the throne when his father Frederick, Prince of Wales, died in 1751. In 1761 after an official search for a suitable wife, he married Sophia Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz whom he first met on his wedding day. The couple enjoyed a happy marriage and he never took a mistress. They had 16 children including George (later George IV) and William (who became William IV) and they were married for 57 years. George III died at Windsor Castle on 29 January 1820, after a reign of almost 60 years – the third longest in British history, and was succeeded by his son George IV.

George III farthings are plentiful the only snag is for an inexperienced collector they do run the risk of buying a Evasion piece at no fault of there own even internet dealers sell them on as genuine because some coins were that good at deceiving the public and still are today. In the 1780` only 8% of circulating copper was ( regal ) genuine. But the Evasion pieces do have an interest of there own and many people do collect them and some can pass for a lot of money i my self have around 25-30 farthing examples. George III farthings to look out for are 1773 Obverse 2 N over I in BRITANNIA  , 1775 Obverse  Inverted A for V in Georgivs , and 1775 Obverse 2  5 over 3 in date . These coins are particularly tricky to find in any grade, As for grade ! there are a fair few collectors now who will not entertain coins unless its at least Extremely fine or in a plastic box with a hologram on, there is no doubt there buying for investment and not for the love of coins. My advise is to buy the best you can afford and enjoy the experience collecting and searching.

GEORGE III FARTHINGS

Minimum & Maximum weight 1773-1775 issue 4.3-5.3 grams, size 23-24 mm. Rev alignment is down.

Minimum & Maximum weight 1799 issue 5.8-6.6 grams, size 23-24 mm. Rev alignment is down.

Minimum & Maximum weight 1806-1807 issue 4.7-4.8 grams, size 21-22 mm. Rev alignment is down.

 

 

1771 Farthing is no doubt the hardest date to acquire, there are three different reverse types to collect.

Three reverses Types exist for 1771 currency coins :

Reverse A. Olive branch points to right hand limb of letter N of BRITANNIA

Reverse B. Olive branch points to left hand limb of letter N in BRITANNIA

Reverse C. Olive branch points to right hand limb of letter A in BRITANNIA, also the first 7 of the date is struck over a 1 this can some times disappear on some coins as die wear gathers pace. .

Rarity of reverse types would be some thing like this –  Reverse B is commonest, Reverse C is scarcer and the rarest is Reverse A, but to be honest any problem free example would be more than welcome from most collectors.


 

1771 Farthings. 

 

 

 

G3F71A. 1771 Reverse A Farthing weighs 5.15 grams 24 & mm in size. This reverse A  is the rarest of the three reverses, the olive branch points to the right hand side of the N along with the first 7 in the date over a longer 7. Cooke number 365, farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse nearly very fine or better..

 

 

 

 

G3F71B. 1771  Reverse B   Farthing weighs  5.0 grams & 23 mm in size. All 1771 farthings are rare and very rare in high grades, reverse A is extremely rare in high grades. Cooke number 367 & BMC number 909, the reverse rarity is as above. Farthing grades reverse good very fine / obverse very fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F71C.  1771 Reverse C  Farthing weighs 4.5 grams & 23.5 mm in size. All 1771 farthings are rare and very rare in high grades, reverse A is extremely rare in high grades. Cooke number 366, the reverse rarity is as above. Farthing grades fine or possibly slightly better on obverse.

 

 

 


 

 

1773 Farthings.  

 

 

 

G3F73. 1773  Obverse ? near oval flan Farthing weighs 4.5 grams & 24 mm in size, farthing grades very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F731. 1773   Obverse 2  No stop after Rex  Farthing weighs 5.0 grams & 24 mm in size. Extremely rare in this grade with good luster on reverse,  Cooke number 362.  Farthing grades extremely fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F732.  1773  Obverse 2  No stop after Rex  Farthing weighs 4.80 grams & 24 mm in size with a slightly odd flan shape. Cooke number 362, farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse nearly very fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F733.  1773  Obverse 2 No stop after Rex  Farthing weighs  5.42 & grams 23.25 mm in size, Cooke number 362, farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse nearly very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F734. 1773  Obverse 2  No stop Reverse  Farthing weighs 4.9 grams & 23 mm in size.  BMC number 914 & Cooke number 361, some traces of luster and very rare in this grade of good very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F734A.  1773  Obverse 1 No stop Reverse  Farthing weighs 4.81 grams & 23.25 mm in size. BMC number 912 & Cooke number 358, farthing grades reverse fine / obverse bold good fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F734B.  1773   Obverse 2 No stop Reverse  Farthing weighs 5.22 grams & practically 24 mm in size. BMC number 912 ? & Oxford lot Number 221. Ive Seen less of this third type of reverse no stop stops, sadly some green verdigris spots but the only example i have seen for some time as there nearly always BMC number 914 examples that seem to appear first. The letters on this farthing have almost all there serifs unlike the oxford piece which are more solid and bolder, that example being a later strike. Farthing grades reverse about very fine / obverse good very fine.

 

 

 

G3734C.  1773  Obverse 1 No stop Reverse Farthing weighs 4.54 grams & 23.5 mm in size This particular coin was not in the Cooke or Oxford collections, and is quite possibly the rarest of the no stop reverse series. There is a huge exergue die flaw which makes identifying easier, and possibly on the Obverse a form G over side ways G in GEOGIVS , about 180 `D. Farthing grades nearly very fine with probably some weakness in the original strike.

 

 

 

 

G3735.  1773  Obverse 2 3 in date over 7 or ? Farthing weighs 4.97 grams & 23.5 mm in size. There are many 1773 farthings with anomalies under the 3, i suppose logically and realistically it can only be a 1,7 or 3, as their was mo previous year. Farthing grades very fine with reflective fields and minor luster in legends.

 

 

 

 

G3736. 1773 Obverse 1 First 7 over lower 7 Farthing weighs grams 4.81 & 23 mm in size Another clumsy over date, this year of 1773 was a busy year for the Royal mint. Theirs so many variants its unbelievable, and to think royal mint copper was only 8% of the total copper in circulation the rest being Evasion ( counterfeit ) pieces. Farthing grades reverse fine / obverse really good fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F737.  1773  Obverse 1  3 Triple entered   Farthing weighs 5.21 grams & 23.5 mm in size. Cooke number 356 and quite rare in higher grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse good very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F737A. 1773  Obverse 1 3 Triple entered  Farthing weighs 4.51 grams & 23.5 mm in size. Cooke number 356 and quite rare in higher grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse very fine, with some minor luster still present.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F738.  1773  Obverse 1  3 over displaced 3   Farthing weighs 5.37 grams & 23 mm in size. Reverse very fine / obverse good very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F739. 1773 Obverse 1  First 7 over 7 displaced by 50%  First 7 much smaller than second 7, farthing weighs 4.7 grams & 23.25 mm in size. Farthing grades reverse really good bold fine / obverse very fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F7310. 1773 Obverse 2  First 7 of the date over lower 7 and 3 of date over 7  with stop after Rex. Farthing weighs 4.8 grams & 23.25 mm in size. very Scarce coin & very rare in higher grades. Cooke 364 which he thought maybe a different no stop after REX example but i believe this example has a stop even though its a lesser grade. Ive seen very few of these farthings, some wear around 8. Farthing grades fine or better.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7311.  1773  Obverse 1  3 over 3 over 7  The first is 3 punched at a slight angle to cover up the 7, then a second 3 entered straighter to improve overall appearance. Farthing weighs 4.90 grams & 23 mm in size, this is the only example i have seen and there’s bound to be more out there. Farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse about very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7312. 1773 Obverse 2 N over I in BRITANNIA ?  Farthing weighs 4.82 grams & 23.50 mm in size. Possibly genuine considering an attempt obliteration, farthing grades nearly very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7313.  1773 Obverse 2  3 over 3 over higher 7   Farthing weighs 4.74 grams & 23 mm in size. N under Britannia`s Spray of leaves , very rare coin possibly rarer. Farthing grades reverse fine / obverse good fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7313A.  1773 Obverse 2 3 over 3 over higher 7  Farthing weighs 4.74 grams & 23 mm in size. N under Britannia`s Spray of leaves. Not as clear as the above example, farthing grades a problem free fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F731B.  1773 obverse 2 3 over 3 over higher 7   Farthing weighs 4.96 grams & 23 mm in size. This example is the same as G3F7313 but not as clear,.N under Britannia`s Spray of leaves, farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse bold really good fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7315C. 1773 Obverse 2 3 over 3 over higher 7 Farthing weighs 4.80 grams & 23 mm in size. N under Britannia`s  Spray of leaves, not as clear as above examples but apparent. This particular coin is no doubt a find from the past as its come out of the ground and toned very deeply, it also has its usual weak areas and grades very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7314.  1773 Obverse 2. 3 over 7 ?  Farthing weighs 4.79 grams & 23.5 mm in size. Possibly genuine, farthing grades fine or better.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7316. 1773 obverse 2 second 7 over 3 ? Farthing weighs 5.07 grams & 23.5 mm in size. please click and see write up. Farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7317. 1773 Obverse 2 3 over ? Farthing weighs 4.90 grams & 24 mm in size. Not entirely sure but it does look like 5 over other numbers maybe 5 over 3 then 3 ?, farthing grades fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7318. 1773 Obverse 2 B over R in BRITANNIA Farthing weighs 5.28 grams & almost 23 mm in size. Excessively rare compared to the 1775 type with just 2 seen to date, also the 7 & 3 have been re-entered with the 7 slightly lower gin the impression of a longer 7. A super grade with the reverse still retaining some luster and obverse a little speckled. Farthing grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7319.  1773 Obverse 1 Large flan & 3 over displaced 3 Farthing weighs 4.84 grams & 25 mm in size. Large flan farthing are a real rarity especially in high grades, this farthing grades obverse good extremely fine / obverse about uncirculated with an attractive tone with a small hint of original colour.

 

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7320. 1773 Obverse 1 Small R over large R last 7 in date almost a ghost. Farthing weighs 4.99 grams & 23 mm in size. There`s a very large die crack running though George which will soon split the die and render is useless. Farthing has a very week center strike and grades nearly very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7321. 1773 Obverse 1 B over R probably Farthing weighs 4.65 grams & 23 mm in size. There are other signs other than the large protruding foot of the R that suggest this probably is B over R, its not the first B over R in this series of farthing coinage and won`t be the last.  Farthing grades fair with B over R surprisingly clear.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F7321. 1773 Obverse 1 Ball under spear head ? angled R over R in REX. Farthing weighs 4.52 grams & 22.5 mm in size. The ball under spearhead is obviously associated with the halfpenny series of this first coinage, so im not surprised by this finding. I have seen others which weren’t as conclusive as this example, given this grade of extremely fine which suffers from weak striking as often they do.

 

 

 

G3F7322. 1773 Obverse 1 3 over displaced 3 Most unusual compared to whats normally seen. Farthings weighs 4.80 grams & 23.25 mm in size. This type doesn’t turn up that often compared to the usual 3 over 3`s. The skeleton of the three is practically complete, certainly an interesting piece which grades nearly very fine with an attractive tan tone.

 

 

 

 


 

 

1774 Farthings.  

 

 

 

G3F74.  1774 Obverse 1  Last N in Britannia over A  ? Farthing weighs 4.9 grams & 24 mm in size. A scarce date and quite rare in higher grades. Ive seen just one other possible contender of this N over A ?, farthing grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F741. 1774 Obverse 1 First N in Britannia over lower N Farthing weighs 5.05 grams & 23.5 mm in size. A scarce date and quite rare in higher grades, the lower N is fairly easy to see but the lower R is fainter. Farthing grades nearly very fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F742.  1774 Obverse 1 R over B in Britannia Farthing weighs 5.11 grams & 23 mm in size. Cleverly done, and would soon blended in over time to become unnoticed. Theirs also a miss aligned III in obverse legend, along with the first 7 over higher 7.

The out of alignment R was suspicious which then led this finding. A gritty center obverse along with general striking weakness with clear reflective field, would suggest this farthing grades about nearly extremely fine and completely problem free.

 

 

 

 


 

 

1775 Farthings.  

 

 

 

G3F75.  1775 Obverse 1 Inverted A for V in Georgivs Also a double entered S in GEORGIVS Farthing weighs 4.82 grams & 23 mm in size very rare and extremely rare in high grades. This coin can be identified by the double entered S, also the first A in BRITANNIA has an over size right leg. Farthing grades nearly very fine.

 

 

 

G3F75A.  1775 Obverse 1  Inverted A for V in Georgivs  Also a double entered S in Georgivs farthing weighs 4.6 grams & 24 mm in size. Very rare and extremely rare in higher grades. Cooke number 352, farthing grades good fine with obverse a little stronger.

 

 

 

 

G3F751. 1775 Obverse 2  5 over 3 in date  Very rare and extremely rare in higher grades, farthing weighs 4.88 grams & 23 mm in size. Cooke number 353, ive seen only 8 of this 5 over 3 error. Farthing grades fine +.

 

 

 

 

G3F752.  1775 Obverse 2 5 over 3 in date Very rare and extremely rare in higher grades, farthing weighs 4.85 grams & 23 mm in size. Cooke number 353, ive seen only 8 of this 5 over 3 error grades good fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F753.  1775  Normal Standard issue   Farthing weighs 5.11 grams & just over 23 mm in size. A scarcer date along with the 1774 and rare in the higher grades. A slightly week center strike as often seen on these farthings. This reverse design has now served one queen and three kings and is by far in my opinion the best example of Britannia to date.  Farthing grades nearly extremely fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F754. 1775 obverse 1 B over R in Britannia. Farthing weighs 4.55 grams & 23 mm in size. Ive seen 7 or 8 of theses farthings there very rare and extremely rare in high grades. Coin grades fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F754. 1775 obverse 1 B over R in Britannia Farthing weighs 4.91 grams & 23.5 mm in size. Ive seen 7 or 8 of theses farthings there very rare and extremely rare in high grades, Cooke number 349 & BMC number 917 lastly Oxford number 218, this actual coin is the Oxford 218 piece which i was most lucky to acquire like so many other specimens in this collection. Farthing grades uncirculated with luster on both sides which has turned a beautiful burgundy mauve colour, Apart from Britannia’s head and the die flaw on obverse its a wonderful strike.

 

 

 

 

G3F755. 1775 obverse 1 1 over displaced 1 or 3  Farthing weighs 4.89 grams & 22.75 mm in size, i cant make my mind up to which it is 1 or 3. I have seen on the internet an auction seller asking a fortune for something similar to this coin but dated 1773 but this example is far more convincing and generally better in every way.

I assume its very rare and certainly the first example on this date. Farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse nearly very fine and problem free.

 

 

 

 

G3F756.  1775 Obverse 1. 1 or J over 5 S over S & possibly inverted A in GEORGIVS.  Farthing weighs 5.00 grams & 25.75 mm in size. This more than likely genuine but it would take a super clear example with no attempted obliteration to be absolutely positive. Theirs also I over I in the last III & also possibly two stops after GEORGIVS.

A problem free farthing with good metal and clear fields which grades good fine.

 

 

 

 


 

 

First Soho Farthing.  

 

 

G3F99.  1799  Normal Standard issue. These farthings are plenty full are are often the first old coins most collectors start with. Farthing grades uncirculated.

 

 

 

 

G3F99A. 1799 Normal issue with luster. Farthing grades nearly unciculated .

 

 

 

 

G3F991.  1799 1 in date over lower 1.  I assume rare as its one of two examples i have seen or at least noticed. Farthing grades reverse nearly extremely fine / obverse good very fine.

 

 

 

G3F991A. 1799 1 in date over lower 1 Not very exciting but this and the above farthing are the only two examples ive ever seen. Farthing grades about extremely fine and from rusty dies given the surface texture.

 

 

 

 

G3F992.   1799  Date double struck / Re cut.  Farthing grades reverse good very fine / obverse strong good very fine +.

 

 

 

 

G3F993.  1799 Four Berries in wreath.   A Very rare coin and extremely rare in uncirculated lustrous condition regardless of what any books say even the ones which buy, sell,and write there own value catalogs. I do believe ive only seen 6 or 7 genuine examples of this coin.

 

 

 

 

G3F993A. 1799 four berries in wreath.  A Very rare coin and extremely rare in uncirculated lustrous condition regardless of what any books say even the ones which buy, sell,and write there own value catalogs. This example is the same obverse die as the above specimen but an earlier strike, the die flaws are very faint but present, though the reverse looks to be a different die. I do believe ive only seen 6 or 7 genuine examples of this coin. Farthing grades extremely fine with no problems.

 

 

 

 

G3F994.  1799 Three Berries in wreath Guided to resemble a proof.  Many trivial marks, farthing grades very fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F995.  1799  Struck from a rusty die.  Becoming quite scarce in high grades now, farthing grades good extremely fine.

 

 

 

 

G3F996.  1799 Re-entered date & berries.  Farthing grades about uncirculated.

 

 

 

 

G3F997.  1799 Third berry almost disappeared This is probably the circumstances of how the forth berry came to be, the obverse touched up to keep the die in service that bit longer with the last berry punch missing its correct destination.

This theory is only credible if the berries were not on the master die and were added or built up in stages after the portrait and Britannia were struck along with the legends and date, for instants take the Irish halfpenny of the same era, they are often found with a weak portrait yet the berries are extremely pronounced as if the die was new.

Perhaps some day a collector will find one with five berries, or a forth berry in a different location. Farthings grades almost uncirculated with some underline brilliance & luster.

 

 

 

 


 

 

Second and last Soho Farthings.

 

 

G3F06. 1806 edge stitching  running close to the edge.

 

 

 

 

G3F06A.  1806 edge stitching very faint or missing on edge.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F06B. 1806 normal Standard Issue with rasied sideburns  Farthing grades uncirculated.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F06B1. 1806 normal Standard Issue with incurse sideburns Farthing grades reverse good extremely fine / obverse extremely fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F06C. 1806 incurse dot on shoulder obverse A   These coin don’t turn up that often above very fine, genuine examples are rare and very rare in higher grades. Farthing grades good very fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F06C1. 1806 incurse dot on shoulder obverse B  A different than the above example, these coin don’t turn up that often above very fine. Genuine examples are rare and very rare in higher grades. Farthing grades about extremely fine.

 

 

 

 

 

G3F06C2. 1806 incurse dot on shoulder obverse B The same die as above with more developed die flaws, one of which is distorting the number 8 in the date. Farthing grades good very fine, the die flaw on the Kings neck is strong and apparent helping to identify this incurse dot variety.

 

 

 

 

G3F06C4. 1806 incurse dot on shoulder obverse C A different die to the above examples, theirs also a die flaw on the last 6 in this date along with a upward jet of metal from the S in GEOREGIVS. With three dies now know theirs bound to be more, farthing grades good very fine with underline brilliance.

 

 

 

G3F06


Second and last Soho Farthings.

 

 

G3F07. 1807 Standard issue  Farthing grades extremely fine.

 

 

G3F071. 1807 struck from rusty dies Its quite probable the 1807 & 1806 were minted a few years more due to the amount that turn up, very similar to the 1754 farthing. Due to the dies having a film of rust over them, coin`s minted from these dies adopt a mild to severe crinkle pattern over there surface. Farthing grades about uncirculated.