Name: Queen Victoria
Full Name: Alexandrina Victoria
Born: May 24, 1819 at Kensington Palace
Parents: Edward, Duke of Kent (son of George III) and Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Relation to Elizabeth II: great-great-grandmother
House of: Hanover
Ascended to the throne: June 20, 1837 aged 18 years
Crowned: June 28, 1838 at Westminster Abbey
Married: Albert, son of Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Children: Four sons including Edward VII, and five daughters
Died: January 22, 1901 at Osborne, Isle of Wight, aged 81 years, 7 months, and 29 days
Buried at: Frogmore
Reigned for: 63 years, 7 months, and 2 days
Succeeded by: her son Edward VII
Named Alexandrina Victoria but known as Victoria, she was the only child of Edward Duke of Kent and Victoria Saxe-Coburg. Her father died when she was 1 year old and her domineering mother kept her away from her ‘wicked’ uncles Kings George and William. She had a sheltered upbringing, and came to the throne shortly after her 18th birthday in 1837 on the death of her uncle William IV who had no surviving legitimate children. She was at the time unmarried and not crowned until June 28, 1838. In February 1840 she married her cousin and love of her life Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
Her golden jubilee in 1887 and diamond jubilee in 1897 regained her popular support and matriarchal role as Queen of the nation and Empire. She died at Osborne House on 22 January 1901, and was buried at Windsor. Her reign lasted 63 years and 7 months which is the longest of any British monarch to date and the longest of any female monarch in history.
In this below list of Victorian farthings of errors or omissions ive listed which i feel are coins worthy of collecting regardless of value, any Victorian farthing collector who has stumbled on this site whilst trawling the internet should check there collection for some of the below, though theres every chance you already have them its always worth a check just incase. All coins on this website have been around for years but even the most comprehensive books, magazines, or internet sites will never list them all especially this one, so check everything TWICE or THRICE.
I have not listed any farthings with missing serifs on legend lettering as letter punches would never have been made with such a defect, the serifs have more than likely broken off during the letter entering process ( more than likely ) or the die has simply become blocked the excess metal and not struck true. Shamrock detachment has not been entered as these are all forms of progressive die wear and appear towards the end of this issue and not inferior workman ship, also datal figure spans in relation to the number of boarder teeth are not listed either as there's no doubt many dies were employed leading to wide, short, & medium spacing dates, any study or research in this field would be hopelessly time wasteful unless the datal figures touched each other or were so far apart they breached the trunction and would be known then as wide or short dates.
As for weakening defective or missing colons its rarely more than one set of colons defective, for if it were a defective colon punched used then surely all the colons would be defective and given the amount minted & remembering that Victoria copper farthing dies ( obverse only ) were all second hand sovereign dies it would say to me that weakness in the working die striking process lead to these problems or when sinking ( punching ) the legends and colons into a die and lastly perhaps the colons were entered by a limp wristed employee and were not sunk deep enough after all its always towards the end of the legend they fade away. So entering these as a true or proper varieties would be misleading for a beginner and make the competent collector feel with rage or despair as i do sometimes when trawling the internet, as for the professional collector im sure they have there theories as well .
There are three different Obverses used for this copper issue of Victoria farthings.
Farthings dated 1838 to 1847 have the Obverse 1.
Farthings dated 1848 to 1852 have Obverse 2.
Farthings dated 1853 to 1855 have Obverse 2 & 3.
Farthings dated 1856 to 1860 have Obverse 3.
Obverse 1. The W.W. at the bottom of Queen Victoria's neck ( Trunction ) is raised.
Obverse 2. The W.W. at the bottom of Queen Victoria's neck ( Trunction ) is still raised but the portrait has been tided ( touched ) up due to service wear of making working and servant dies from the original. The top of Victoria`s portrait is closer to RIA of Victoria and DEI in legend, also Victoria's pony tail is closer to the GR of GRATIA in fact Victorias hair would be practically be touching the G if it were not for the fact that one third of the original ( furthest twizel ) piece of hair was left out.
Obverse 3. The W.W. incuse now, this obverse is to my eye the same as the second obverse except the hair at the top back of Victoria`s neck in front and behind fillet ( tie band ) has been re-cut, and lastly the fillet sometimes called a tie band is a little wider.When Laying a line of some good examples of Obverse 1,2,3 this can be seen quite obviously.
Reverse 1. 1838-1845. The shaft on Britannia Trident over laps left leg thigh, also the plume on Britannia helmet touches her right shoulder and is complete with nothing missing. And Britannia face has a stern look with straight lips. These differences even on a well used coin will show when compared to Reverse 2.
Reverse 2. 1843-1859. The shaft on Britannia Trident stops just before the left thigh showing a clear but very small gap. The plume on Britannia's helmet does not touch her shoulder again a clear gap, also the plume it self on Britannia's helmet is made up of around 16 or so segmented plumes before it straightens and one of these plumes is missing like a piece of cake taken out leaving a cheese wedge shape gap, also Britannia has an upset sad face where her lips are facing down or even like a mustache. These differences should show up even on a well circulated coins but not the mustache and down ward lips. The second type of reverse is probably due to die wear and being retouched up as this reverse die was used for George IV and William IV before Victoria and very unlikely that a skilled engraver such as William wyon would let such inferior workman ship to be produced. This also happened on John Crokers reverse die of Britannia which was engraved for Queen Ann, this also went on to serve George I, II, III before the die was retired after being often retouched up.
Victoria Farthings Engraver William Wyon.
QVF381. 1838 Single stop after DEF but with a very faint possible ghosting of a second. farthing grades nearly extremely fine.
QVF382. 1839 Single stop After DEF First A in Gratia is missing its bar. Farthing grades good very fine.
QVF391. 1839 Two prong trident First A in Gratia is missing its bar with faint & missing colons. Farthings good very fine, about 1 in 12 1839 farthings are two prong trident types making it an uncommon coin.
QVF401. 1840 Small 0 in date unbarred A s in Gratia reverse nearly extremely fine / obverse good very fine.
QVF402. 1840 Two prong trident An extremely rare farthing with just 8 examples seen to date, farthing grades good very fine with a wonderful ghosting of Queen Victoria on the reverse.
QVF41. 1841 unbarred A`s in Gratia Farthing grades reverse nearly extremely fine / obverse slightly better.
QVF411. 1841 Faint barred first A in Gratia re punched with a V last A is a inverted V re punched with another inverted V Certainly a Seen very few, grades reverse about extremely fine / obverse extremely fine +.
QVF412. 1841 Roman I in date Rare though this example just grades good fair.
QVF421. 1842 1842 open 2 in date This example is a different die to the Cooke B type example, this farthing has a different style 2 and is the A type in the oxford collection number 172 & BMC number 1562. A very rare farthing and most underrated in availability, ive seen around 12 or so examples over the years. Farthing grades very fine with the open 2 very clear.
QVF422. 1842 open 2 in date Different die to oxford A type example. This coin is B type Cooke number 223 & BMC number 1562, both types share the same British museum number 1562 because when they were numbered only one type had been documented, the other had gone unnoticed. A very rare farthing and most underrated in its availability, ive seen about 18 or so Cooke type B farthings over the years. This coin grades reverse very fine with some weak center areas / obverse good very fine.
QVF423. 1842 8 leaning to the left & closed 2 or better know as swan neck two, a Scarce date and very scarce with a left leaning 8 rather than a straight 8. Farthing grades good very fine.
QVF424. 1842 straight 8 closed 2 or better know as swan neck two, a Scarce date which grades extremely fine.
QVF431. 1843 3 over 2 in date A rare coin indeed, there's probably up to four or five different types or variants of the 3 over 2 farthing that i know of. Farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse bold fine, they are very rare and extremely rare above very fine.
QVF431A. 1843 3 over 2 in date A Far superior example than the above specimen and from a different die. A great find which grades good very fine or slightly better in places.
QVF432. 1843 Roman one in date These Roman ones or inverted Arabic ones rarely turn up on any date, they are extremely rare in high grades and rare in this lesser grades. This farthing grades reverse practically fine / obverse only fair with this roman one very clear and a problem free example.
1845 Dates is these category's three different size dates and the eight in date leaning to the left or a straight 8. The 8 leaning to the left is a little more uncommon than the straight 8.
QVF451. 1845 Large date extremely rare, ive only seen 9 or 10 over the years. Farthing grades about very fine.
QVF451A. 1845 Large Date Large dates are extremely rare, ive only seen 9 or 10 over the years. Farthing grades reverse good very fine / obverse very fine with some surface issues.
QVF452. 1845 Small date 8 leaning to the left Farthing grades about reverse about extremely fine / obverse extremely fine.
QVF461. 1846 46 in date over 46 An uncommon date with over date very clear. Farthing grades reverse extremely fine or better / obverse extremely fine.
QVF462 1846 4 over slightly higher 4 An uncommon date with over date very clear. Farthing grades reverse extremely fine or better / obverse good extremely fine.
QVF471. 1847 very well struck date and lettering Strong and square looking. Farthing grades good extremely fine.
QVF472. 1847 Inverted 1 over 1 ( Roman one in date I ) please click on link for write up. Farthing grades reverse nearly fine /obverse very fine and extremely rare.
QVF472. 1847 Inverted 1 over 1 or Roman one in date with small 8 over large 8. No doubt an earlier strike of the obverse at least as the reverse has a large flat area. Extremely rare coin probably excessively rare, farthing grades nearly very fine with a very weak center reverse.
QVF481. 1848 Double cut legends on reverse V`s over A`s in BRITANNIA A very rare coin and proof that V`s punches were used as A punches. Farthing grades extremely fine.
QVF482. 1848 E over side ways E in DEF An extremely rare farthing with only 6 specimens seen since 1980. Farthing grades reverse good very fine / obverse very fine or better.
QVF482A. 1848 E over side ways E in DEF An extremely rare farthing with just 6 specimens seen since 1980. Farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse fine.
QVF482B. 1848 E over side ways E Certainly an odd one, with almost every appearance slipping though the sellers net & going for a song. An extremely rare farthing, and a must for a Victorian farthing collector. Farthing grades nearly very fine.
QVF491. 1849 4 over lower 4 in date 4 over lower 4 is rare on a all ready very scarce date, but whats strange is most dealers all ways seem to have an 1849 farthing for sale which strikes me as odd. Farthing grades reverse bold very fine / obverse good fine.
QVF501. 1850 unbarred A s in Britannia Uncommon date, farthing grades good very fine.
QVF502. 1850 5 over 5 in date Scarce farthing in high grades. Farthing grades reverse good very fine / obverse good very fine.
QVF503. 1850 5 over 7 in date Very scarce and quite rare in high grades. why has nobody ever mention all the obverse letters except the last A in GRATIA are hammered in tiny dots. Its as if they were meant for a proof or a similar type of strike because they appear jeweled, or frosted. Farthing grades extremely fine or better.
QVF503. 1850 5 over 7 in date Very scarce and quite rare in high grades. why has nobody ever mention all the obverse letters except the last A in GRATIA are hammered in tiny dots. Its as if they were meant for a proof or a similar type of strike because they appear jeweled, or frosted. Farthing grades reverse extremely fine or better / Obverse good extremely fine.
QVF511. 1851 Roman one in date Excessively rare farthing, with just this one seen to date. This farthing is nearly always absent from Victorian copper collections. Farthing grades reverse good very fine / obverse very fine.
QVF511 1851 D over side ways D Excessively rare farthing, with just four seen to date. This farthing is nearly always absent from most Victorian copper collections. Farthing grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse fine with some surface issues, but at least the D over side ways D is clear enough.
QVF521. 1852 unbarred A s in Britannia Scarce date, farthing grades nearly very fine.
QVF531. 1853 53 over 52 in date WW. raised. Very scarce in high grades, farthing grades about extremely fine.
QVF532. 1853 3 over 2 in date raised WW. unbarred A`s in Britannia, A very scarce and rare in this grade, farthing grades extremely fine.
QVF533. 1853 5 over 5 in-curse WW. much scarcer than raised WW. type. farthing grades reverse nearly extremely fine / obverse extremely fine.
QVF534. 1853 3 over 3 over 2 or 3 over 2 over 2 UN barred A s in Britannia, a really excellent example of this rare farthing which grades nearly uncirculated with just 2 seen to date.
QVF535. 1853 3 over 3 over 2 or 3 over 2 over 2 UN barred A s in Britannia, an excellent example considering this farthing and the above are the only two ive seen which are also from different dies. Farthing grades bold good very fine or better.
QVF536. 1853 Excessively faint last A in GRATIA Due to mint production Farthing grades reverse fine / obverse good fine.
QVF537. 1853 Small 5 in date seen lips on queen almost absence With these now second hand sovereign dies wearing and degrading away poor Queen Victoria's features are not striking up properly. Farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse fine.
QVF538. 1853 looks like single stop after DEF ( die wear ) & REG also unbarred A`s in GRATIA Please see caption on 1839 farthings on stops, colons. Farthing grades reverse fine / obverse nearly very fine.
QVF539. 1853 queens lips now gone & very weak lower colons Farthing grades extremely fine.
QVF5310 1853 Large 8 over small 8 ? with small 5. It does look like an 8 with the left side worn away or obliterated, farthing grades nearly extremely fine.
QVF5311 1853 Worm lower lip on Queen The die now wearing away quickly and soon to be taken out of service. Farthing grades bold good fine.
QVF5312 1853 Alignment out by 120 degrees also 3 over 3 over 2. The colons ( please read introduction piece ) have been re-entered along with some other letters, quite an exceptional find which grades around extremely fine.
QVF5313 1853 Defective 8 in date resembling 8 over ? Very strange indeed, though not any obvious recognizable under number at all. Farthing grades nearly very fine.
QVF5314 1853 Farthing incurse WW inverted A over V in Victoria An excessively rare coin in any grade. Notice the die flaws as this is essential to remember when hunting for the piece. Farthing grades nearly extremely fine.
QVF5314A 1853 Farthing incurse WW inverted A over V in Victoria An excessively rare coin in any grade. Notice the die flaws as this is essential to remember when hunting for the piece. Farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse nearly very fine.
QVF5315. 1853 Farthing with raised WW Large flan 25.5 mm in size. Farthing weighs 4.33 grams and quite the oddity. Farthing grades good fair and is something you certainly don't see every day
QVF541.1854 Double entered 1 & 4 in date farthing grades reverse good fine / obverse fine.
QVF542. 1854 unbarred A s in Britannia Unbarred A`s is now an epidemic but certainly a beautiful example, farthing grades about uncirulated.
QVF551. 1855 Raised w.w unbarred A`s in Britannia Farthing grades very fine.
QVF552. 1855 raised w.w lips nearly gone with a squashed rim This example was minted like this as other farthings with exactly the same rim marks exists. Farthing grades good fine.
QVF561. 1856 E over R and not R over E as thought once by some books, seen ( 16 ) a very rare coin and extremely rare in a high grades. Coin grades very fine.
QVF562. 1856 E over R and not R over E as thought once by some books, seen ( 16 ) a very rare coin and extremely rare in a high grades. Coin grades very fine E over R extremely clear..
QVF571. 1857 small 5 in date Uncommon date seen ( many ). Coin grades extremely fine or better.
QVF581. 1858 large date Unbarred A s in Gratia and a re-cut 5 in date, this coin grades extremely fine.
QVF582. 1858 small date Unbarred A s in Britannia & Gratia very rare and extremely rare in high grades. Seen ( 20 ) this coin grades reverse good extremely fine / obverse extremely fine or better.
QVF583. 1858 1 over 1 in date Very rare in a high grade. These farthings can be oftern missed by the sellers, Farthing grades extremely fine.
QVF583A. 1858 1 over 1 in date Very rare farthing in higher grades. They can also be missed by the seller, so its always worth checking well when presented with an 1858 farthing. Farthing grades nearly extremely fine.
QVF583B. 1858 1 over 1 in date Very rare in a high grade. These farthings can be oftern missed by the sellers, farthing grades nearly uncirculated and well toned.
QVF584. 1858 Small date Unbarred A s in Britannia also very faint bars in GRATIA A rare coin and very rare in higher grades, with just 20 examples seen to date, farthing grades very fine.
QVF585. 1858 Small date Unbarred A s in Britannia & very faint bars in GRATIA A rare coin and very rare in higher grades, with just 20 examples seen to date, farthing grades practically very fine.
QVF585 1858 Farthing 8 over 7, broken 5 & 8 in date Certainly an oddity, i have seen an 8 over 7 before somewhere for sale in the past. Its obviously very rare, i do believe theirs probably more as many go unchecked. Farthing grades good very fine with a scratch on the obverse.
QVF59. 1859 E over E in DEI Probably very scarce and the only E over E in DEI, certainly not a common date by no means. Farthing grades really good fine or better.
QVF1859. 1859 Farthing no stops on truction WW. Not the faintest sign of an incurse stop, a rare date which grades a problem free good very fine.