William & Mary Farthings
Name: King William III and Queen Mary II Full Name: William Henry Stuart Born: November 14, 1650 at William: The Hague, Netherlands; Mary: St James Palace, London Parents: William: William II of Orange and Mary Stuart; Mary: James II and Anne Hyde Relation to Elizabeth II: 2nd cousin 8 times removed House of: Orange Ascended to the throne: February 13, 1689 aged 38 years Crowned: April 11, 1689 at Westminster Abbey, when William was 38 and Mary was 26 Married: William married Mary, daughter of James II Children: Three stillborn Died: March 8, 1702 at Kensington Palace (William), aged 51 years, 3 months, and 21 days Buried at: Westminster Reigned for: 13 years, and 21 days Succeeded by: Mary's sister Anne
William & Mary coinage.
William & Mary Farthings were minted for just one year as the queen died of small pox in 1694 they share the same Britannia reverse legends and date position as Charles II. There are no rare dates for this issue except the 1693 farthing and as i understand there are 4-5 in existence.
The good news is for such a small issue there`s plenty of mint mistakes or errors some of which are quite dramatic and of course some not. Every year that passes another important find is made if farthing and halfpenny from all reigns were cataloged into one book it would be huge and the best read ever ? well ok.
Popular and well know varieties have long been cataloged often listed are the same old catalogs types at excessively high prices they never sell for in the real world so finding new types is not that hard. When looking to buy coins in the future remember many new age plastic auction sites or incompetent dealers will be looking at the very above catalogs looking for the classics well known examples.
Look though every legend letter and date numeral keeping an open mind and logic should prevail if your luck to be there in person feel the size and weight in your hand, ! always carry a glass ! even if left in the glove box. It does pay off when looking for coins that haven’t been documented or exist in know dealers lists. This year ( 2016 ) i found two new ones my reference numbers W&MF9413. & W&MF9414. So its all ways worth looking for coins that don’t exist or as the main stream say not cataloged or unrecorded
This entire series of coinage including the halfpenny was minted by contractors and every attempt to save money to make them self’s money was put into place faulty blanks which were cast and not rolled, illiterate and foreign illiterate along with unemployed mint workers were employed to do the work of skilled Royal mint workers along with producing & preparing working dies.
All these above factors and more simply for profit ( sounds like privatization ) gave us one of the worse made coinages in British and English history but a collectors dream.
William & Mary farthings in low grades are plenty full and are good value for money but as the grade increases so the price rises steeply, most errors are found on lesser grades and its worth examining very carefully in order not to miss anything.
William & Mary Farthings to keep an eye out for W&M9434. 1694 R over B in Britannia & L over E over A ?
W&MF949. 1694 1694 EM over MV of GVLIELMVS Double exergue
The portraits of the monarchs was engraved by James or Norbert Roettier the sons of John Roettier who engraved the dies for the Charles II farthing & Halfpenny. Weight and size tolerance are between 4.7-6.2 grams along with a size variant between 22-25 mm, Rev alignment is down. Any coin out of these tolerances would be considered desirable, significantly out of these tolerances would be extremely desirable.
Good luck collecting William & Mary farthings & or halfpennies. If one needs any help please use the contact form on the home page.
William & Mary Farthings
William & Mary Farthings 1694.
W&MF94. 1694 Single Exergue Double exergue coins are far more common than single exergue coins. Farthing weighs 4.46 grams & 22 mm in size, These single exergue often appear but become rarer as the grade increases. BMC number 619 Cooke number 612, farthing grades reverse Fine / Obverse Nearly very fine.
W&MF941. 1694 Curious R in BRITANNIA R in MARIA over B Double exergue This farthing was the first William & Mary farthing i brought with my pocket money it was not until some years later i notice the error in MARIA.
I have only seen or heard of three types of R over B of this 1694 farthing issue. The reign of William was to be plague by this error in later years. Farthing weighs 5.85 grams & 22 mm in size. Extremely rare coin which grades obverse nearly fine / reverse good fair.
W&MF942. 1694 Unbarred A,s in BRITANNIA & MARIA inverted A in GVLIELMVS The last V in GVLIELMVS could also be an inverted A along with the first V. Double exergue, rather than single on this example with unbarred A`s in BRITANNIA and MARIA.
I have only seen two other examples of this coin making three in all. Farthing weighs 5.05 grams & 22.5 mm in size and grades reverse good fair / obverse nearly fine. An extremely rare coin and most sought after by farthing collectors.
W&MF943. 1694 No Stop after MARIA Unbarred A's in BRITANNIA & missing first N Double Exergue Line with lower line very weak. Missing first N in BRITANNIA along with unbarred A`s with no stop after MARIA is what i thought when i bought this coin, and was wrong.
There is no missing first N when checking against Cooke number 590, and a good lesson in the saying " going to need a better example " to be sure. Farthing weighs 4.39 grams 7 22 mm in size, BMC number 618 & Cooke number 590. A rare coin with just 3 seen, farthing grades good fair.
W&MF944. 1694 No stops after ET & MARIA ? Double exergue There is no example of this coin to found anywhere, farthing weighs 4.77 grams & 22.5 mm in size. I can only assume providing its genuine this farthing must at least be very rare, i have seen ( various types ) of no stop after MARIA but none with both stops missing. Farthing grades about fine.
W&MF945. 1694 First A unbarred in BRITANNIA no stop after MARIA single exergue Very rare coin indeed with just a few various examples seen since 1980. Farthing weighs 5.94 grams & 22mm in size, farthing grades nearly very fine.
W&MF946. 1694 Double Exergue Large 4 in date, no stop after MARIA Another type of no stop after Maria, farthing weighs 5.80 grams & 22 mm is size. A rare coin with around 7 or so seen of this type. Farthing grades really good fair.
W&MF947. 1694 Unbarred A,s in BRITANNIA Missing V in GVLIELMVS reads GVLIELMS Extremely rare coin and a wonderful example of the missing V in GVLIELMVS. I have seen just ( 5-6 ) examples of this coin over the years. Farthing grades really good fine with obverse probably better.
W&MF948. 1694 Double exergue normal issue These coins become rare as the grades increases, a nice example which weighs 5.26 grams & about 23 mm in size. Farthing grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse very fine or better.
W&MF949. 1694 1694 MV over EM of GVLIELMVS Double exergue Im very luck to own four examples of these coins showing which is proof that bars in A`s can wear and look like inverted V`s and also double exergues wearing down to single exergues.
This example no doubt is the best of the bunch which was brought from a dealer, and sold as a die flaw in GVLIELMVS in which i agreed " coin sold " thank you. This high clarity error is very clear and shows the top of the E which is always nearly lost resulting in mistakenly cataloging MV over VM and not MV over EM.
An extremely rare farthing which is seldom seen for sale especially better than fine. This coin is the best example i have seen any where with the error perfectly clear. Farthing weighs 5.05 grams & 22 mm in size, i have seen around ( 9-10 ) possibly 10 as my notes are conflicting. Farthing grades very fine.
W&MF9410. 1694 MV over EM in GVLIELMVS double exergue This example is more like whats normally seen with the E under the M not conclusive. I have seen around ( 9-10 ) possibly 10 as my notes are conflicting, farthing weighs 5.46 grams & 21.5 mm in size. An extremely rare farthing in any grade which grades reverse fine / obverse fine + .
W&MF9411. 1694 MV over EM in GVLIELMVS single exergue Farthing weighs 4.95 grams & 22 mm in size, quite remarkable to find this farthing with a single exergue proving that William & Mary farthings did start with a single exergue as this can now be linked to the above rarity. Farthing grades a problem free practically fine specimen.
W&MF9412. 1694 MV over EM in GVLIELMVS single exergue Un barred A`s in BRITANNIA Farthing weighs 5.19 grams & almost 22 mm in size. Absolutely staggering to find this farthing with a single exergue and un barred A`s in Britannia proving that William & Mary farthings did start with a single exergue and barred A`s, well at least on MV over EM examples anyway as this can now be linked to the above rarity.
I do believe the above examples are the only two i can remember seeing with a single exergue as they rarely turn up for sale. An extremely rare farthing which grades reverse nearly very fine / obverse strong very fine or better with some corrosion.
W&MF9413. No Stop after BRITANNIA single exergue Rare coin and also a reasonable grade with a low stop between ET & MARIA. Cooke number 623, farthing weighs 5.89 grams & 21.5 mm in size rare. I have seen around 9-11 no reverse stop farthings but as for types i can not say. Farthing grades reverse practically fine and suffering from a weak strike / obverse good fine.
W&MF9414. 1694 No reverse stop Double exergue This example with a double exergue and no reverse stop. I have seen around 9-11 no reverse stop farthings but as for types i can not say, farthing weighs 5.67 grams & 23 mm in size. A rare farthing which grades reverse about fine / obverse fine.
W&MF9415. 1694 M over V or LM over M in GVLIELMVS Double exergue An extremely rare coin which has probably been missed over the years by collectors. Farthing weighs 5.33 grams & 22.5 mm in size, this example is not the same as Cooke number 605. Extremely rare coin with maybe three examples seen. Farthing grades reverse almost fair / Obverse good fair.
W&MF9415A. 1694 Farthing M over V or LM over M in GVLIELMVS Double exergue Double exergue An extremely rare coin which has bound to have been missed over the years by collectors. Farthing weighs 4.45 grams & 22 mm in size, this example is not the same as Cooke number 605.
Extremely rare coin with maybe three examples seen. Farthing grades Reverse fine / obverse good fine with an annoying cut around the important area.
W&MF9416. 1694 L of GVLIELMVS over M, R over B in MARIA Double exergue a no mention anywhere through out the archives what so ever. An excessively rare coin with both errors in perfect clarity.
This farthing is the only ( excluding below example added 16: 3: 18 ) example i have seen since 1980 when i began collecting coins, farthing grades bold fine and weighs 5.22 grams & 22.5 mm in size.
W&MF9416A. 1694 L over M in GVLIELMVS & R over B in MARIA Farthing weighs 5.94 grams & 22.5 mm in size. Double exergue and identical to the above example. Quite extraordinary how two examples can end up in the same collection given the rarity.
The L over M in GVLIELMVS im convinced would wear away and become undetectable, but the R over B should hang around for sometime as we know it plagues the late William III copper coinage. Farthing grades a strong fine with whats probably a cast flan.
W&MF9417. 1694 Very heavy flan 9.06 grams 22 mm, 3 mm thick A super heavy weight farthing indeed, an unbelievable heavy weight and the heaviest i have ever seen or herd of through the archives. Farthing weighs 9.06 grams & 22 mm in size making it feel quite dumpy in appearance, farthing grades fair.
W&MF9418. 1694 mis-strike double struck There are many mis-strikes of this short issue some quite spectacular. Farthing weighs 5.25 grams & 22.5 mm in size and grades good fair.
W&MF9419. 1694 No stops obverse Different obverse to Cooke 613 & 593 Extremely rare coin which is seldom seen for sale, farthing weighs 5.26 grams & is about 23 mm in size. Farthing grades obverse really good fair /reverse good fair or better.
W&MF9420. 1694 Normal issue and maximum Farthing weighs 6.20 grams which is about maximum for this issue & 23 mm in size. Farthing grades very fine.
W&MF9421. 1694 MV over V I believe this to be genuine, though a better example would be very helpful. Farthing weighs 4.35 grams & 23.5 mm in size. Due to the slightly larger flan & under weight has given this coin a thinner flan of 0.75 mm. Farthing grades obverse good fair / reverse fair.
W&MF9422 . 1694 First A unbarred in BRITANNIA single exergue Farthing weighs 5.83 grams & 22 mm in size. A rare coin which grades reverse fine /obverse good fair.
W&MF9423. 1694 T of ET over L or E I have seen only 3 examples of theses coins they are extremely rare and to be acquired in any legible condition. This example grades reverse nearly fine / obverse good fair, Cooke number 601 there is no BMC number.
W&MF9424. 1694 E over L in ET ? and Inverted A for V in GVLIELMVS Farthing weighs 5.18 grams & 22mm in size, ive only seen this example so im unsure to how genuine this coin is but the lower part of the E is far longer than it should be. Farthing grades practically fine.
W&MF9425. 1694 Un-barred A`s in MARIA Very rare and much rarer than the halfpenny equivalent. Farthing weighs 5.67 grams & 22mm in size, i have Seen around ( 6-7 ) genuine examples of this coin as different reverse dies have been used.
This example is from the same dies as Cooke number 611 & BMC 617A ? im unsure of the question mark but its possibly from a different die and is not clarified against this type. Unbarred A's in MARIA with a double exergue line, personally i have not seen this coin better than good fine. Farthing grades reverse fine / obverse good fine.
W&MF9426. 1694 Last A in Britannia over N single exergue Farthing weighs 5.32 & 22.25 mm in size, This is the first example i have seen to date. The A over N looks practically the same as Cooke 444 1719 first A of Britannia over N. Extremely rare farthing which grades reverse good fair / obverse fair.
W&MF9427. 1694 DRITANNIA with last A unbarred & R over B in MARIA Farthing weighs 5.17 grams & 22.5 mm in size. A very thick up right stick on the B indicating the presents of another letter, possibly another B slightly lower or higher giving the impression of a D. The R over B in MARIA is not new to this list of William & Mary Farthings as W&MF941 & W&MF9416 also have this correction in there legend. Extremely rare and the first i have seen or heard of, farthing grades nearly fine.
W&MF9428. 1694 Compacted first part of reverse legend with weak first N Farthing weighs 4.90 grams & 22 mm in size. Farthing grades reverse good fair / obverse nearly fine.
W&MF9429. 1694 No stop after MARIA single exergue. The missing stop very apparent as the other two stops are quite big. Farthing weighs 4.27 grams & 21.75 mm in size, a rare William & Mary farthing which grades nearly fine.
W&WF9430. 1694 Thin flan weighs 2.96 grams Farthing weighs 2.96 grams & 22 mm in size. Remarkably its not bent as its very thin indeed. Farthing grades about fine and is extremely rare probably rarer.
W&MF9431. 1694 R over higher R in MARIA Farthing weighs 5.57 grams & 22.5 mm in size. R over higher R is only just visible, also the E in GVLIELMVS looks as if its succumb to the same fate. Farthings grades a problem free good fair.
W&M9632. 1694 No stop reverse with a single exergue & small B, 5 % off center with some weak lettering. Farthing weighs 4.95 & 22.5 mm in size and grades good fine, know doubt from a cast flan given the surface condition.
W&M9433. 1694 last V Inverted A in GVLIELMVS possibly M over I, also the first V inverted as well. Farthing weighs 5.37 gram & 22 mm in size. Not a super conclusive safe bet due to the farthings surfaces, a clearer example is needed as often in these situations. Farthing grades good fair..
W&M9434. 1694 R over B in Britannia & L over E over A ? Farthing weighs 5.52 grams & 23 mm in size. A fantastic example with good clarity of this R over B. The E how ever is some what more tricky along with the B in Britannia.
The R is clearly over a B, as for the B its quite possibly die leak, but theirs definitely an extra bar above the main bar in B. As for the L over E, with a powerful glass its possible to see the right top and middle sticks are lower than the rest. The L punch has been used to strengthen a weak E punch or an L punch has been used accidentally. Both have been proven in the past to happen.
Really quite a find especially as it was for sale for three years as an over priced standard farthing, im lucky it was not spotted by another collector. Farthing grades a problem free reverse fine / obverse good fine.
W&M9435. 1694 Two Stops After Britannia Single exergue. Farthing weighs 6.10 grams & 23 mm in size.
Very dark tone as often with these farthings and being just over six grams it does feel some what chunky in appearance. If you ever get tempted to spend more money for a single exergue coin the Don`t ! . Exergue`s wear away the proof is here in these links.
The first two are double exergue & the last two are single exergue, they are the same coin MV over EM
W&MF9410. 1694 MV over EM in GVLIELMVS double exergue
Its not surprising that unbarred A`s happen when an entire exergue vanishes.
Quite an odd one for this issue, i don't remember ever seeing a two stop reverse for this farthing coinage. But a single exergue with a cast flan seem to pop up often. Farthing grades Obverse good fine + / reverse fine or better
W&M9436. 1694 Brass Flan BRA in BRITANNIA struck over higher BRA No stops obverse single exergue. Farthing weighs 4.77 grams & 22 mm in size. Copper coinage does some times turn up struck in various metal mainly from experimenting, like cupronickel tin lead and some time struck on shillings and other coins making the later probably unique.
Brass coins do turn up mainly counterfeit but sometimes genuine. I do believe i have a brass William III halfpenny somewhere in this collection. Farthing grades a problem free fair and is no doubt an exceedingly rare coin.